112 80 blood pressure The most important information
112 80 blood pressure..Many young and middle-aged adults may be at risk, without knowing it, from a cerebral vascular event, such as stroke or embolism.
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112 80 blood pressure
Prehypertension may also increase the risk of effusion and embolization.
A new study reveals that even a slightly higher than normal blood pressure – but not considered high – could increase the likelihood of suffering a cerebrovascular disease (CVD) by up to 80%.
Blood pressure is regulated with two measurements in millimeters of mercury (mmHg): the systolic and the diastolic pressure.
In adults, the ideal higher systolic pressure number should be 120 mmHg or less and the ideal diastolic pressure is 80 mmHg or less.
A systolic measurement of between 120 and 139 mmHg is currently defined as prehypertension and diastolic between 80 and 89 mmHg.
And hypertension is considered to be greater than 140/90 mmHg.
It is known that hypertension is one of the key factors that can double the risk of CVD, along with diabetes, headache, obesity, smoking, among others.
But until now it was thought that the level of prehypertension did not increase that risk.
The new research – published in the journal Neurology – found that, in fact, that slight increase in blood pressure may also increase the risk of stroke.
Risk in young people
Scientists at the University of California, San Diego, conducted a review of 12 studies published in the past on the relationship between blood pressure and risk of CVD, which involved more than 518,500 adults.
These people could benefit immediately by implementing strategies to reduce blood pressure, such as cutting back on salt intake and body weight, to help lower their risk of CVA
Dr. Bruce Ovbiagele
They found that people with prehypertension were 55% more likely to develop a stroke than people with normal blood pressure levels, even taking into account other factors such as age, sex, diabetes, obesity, cholesterol level and smoking.
The research also found that young and middle-aged adults – people younger than 65 – with prehypertension are nearly 80% more likely to suffer a stroke than people of the same age with normal blood pressure.
As Dr. Bruce Ovbiagele, who led the study, points out, “it is currently too early to begin recommending medications for these people.”
“But they could benefit immediately by carrying out strategies to reduce blood pressure, such as cutting back on salt intake and their body weight, to help decrease their risk of CVD.”
The scientist adds that “it is estimated that one out of every three people in the United States has slightly elevated blood pressure levels.”
“It is necessary to carry out more studies to analyze if reducing the blood pressure of this group can help to reduce the risk of CVD”, says the scientist.
For its part, Maureen Talbot, of the British Heart Foundation, says that “this interesting study supports what we already know, the importance of keeping our blood pressure under control whatever their age”.
“If a blood pressure reading is at the limit, losing some weight and exercising more can be enough to get things back to normal,” he adds.
What is the pressure
Blood pressure is the force of blood
against the walls of blood vessels.
It is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg).
High blood pressure (HBP) means that the
pressure in the arteries is greater than
should. Another denomination of pressure
High blood pressure is hypertension.
Blood pressure is expressed in two numbers, as
for example 112/78 mm Hg. The first number is the
systolic, the pressure when the heart beats. The second
number, the diastolic, is the pressure when the heart
Rest between beats.
Blood pressure is normal if it is below
120/80 mm Hg. If you are an adult and your systolic pressure
it measures between 120 and 129, and its diastolic pressure measures
less than 80, then you have high blood pressure.
High blood pressure is a systolic pressure of 130
or superior or diastolic of 80 or higher, which remains
in the time.
High blood pressure usually shows no signs
no symptoms That’s why it’s so dangerous. But it can
About half the population of the United States
over 20 years old she has high blood pressure, and many
They do not even know it. Not treating high blood pressure is
dangerous. High blood pressure increases the risk of
heart attack and stroke.
Be sure to monitor your blood pressure regularly and
to treat it as your doctor advises you.
I have a higher risk of developing pressure
There are risk factors that increase your chances
of developing high blood pressure. Some can be
control, others not.
• Smoking and passive exposure to smoke from
• Obesity or overweight
• High cholesterol
• Unhealthy diet (high in sodium, low in potassium;
Drink lots of alcohol)
• Lack of physical activity
Factors that can not be modified or that are
difficult to control are these:
• Family history of high blood pressure
• Race / ethnicity
• Sex (male)
• Chronic kidney diseases
• Obstructive sleep apnea
Socioeconomic status and psychosocial stress
they are also risk factors for blood pressure