117 78 blood pressure And its risks
117 78 blood pressure..If you take your blood pressure, you may wonder when an abnormal measurement means you should call your doctor. This information can help you understand what your blood pressure numbers mean and when you need it
117 78 blood pressure
Your blood pressure is composed of two numbers: systolic and diastolic. Someone with a systolic pressure of 117 and a diastolic pressure of 78 has a blood pressure of 117/78 or “117 over 78”.
In general, the lower the blood pressure, the better. For example, a blood pressure measurement of less than 90/60 is healthy as long as you feel good.
What can cause a short-term change in blood pressure?
It is normal for blood pressure to rise and fall throughout the day. Things like exercise, stress and sleep can affect your blood pressure. Some medications can cause a spike in blood pressure, including certain asthma medications and cold remedies.
A low blood pressure measurement can be caused by many things, including some medications, a severe allergic reaction, or an infection. Another cause is dehydration, that is, when the body loses too much fluid.
When should I get help due to an abnormal blood pressure measurement?
A high or low blood pressure measurement itself may not mean you have to call for help. If blood pressure is taken and it is outside the normal range, wait a few minutes and take it again. If it continues high or low, use the following guidelines.
Call 911 any time you think you need urgent care. For example, call if:
He fainted (he lost consciousness).
Call your doctor right now or seek immediate medical attention if:
Your blood pressure is much higher than normal (such as 180/110 or higher).
Believe that high blood pressure is causing symptoms like:
Blood pressure is the pressure or force that acts on the blood inside the arteries.
NORMAL FIGURES OF BLOOD TENSION
In an adult, normal blood pressure values are below 140 mmHg systolic and 90 mmHg diastolic (mmHg = millimeters of mercury).
When these figures are written, the systolic (maximum or high) tension is set separately from the diastolic (minimum or low) by a dash or a slash: 140-90 or 140/90 mmHg.
Popularly, with a certain frequency, the values of blood pressure are expressed in centimeters of mercury (instead of millimeters of mercury), that is, in figures 10 times lower than usual.
In this context, it is not uncommon to hear doctors or patients say that the blood pressure of a normal subject is 12-8 or 12/8.
IS BLOOD TENSION CONSTANT?
No, it varies frequently throughout the year, day, and even from a few minutes to others.
They make it vary:
Exercise- Overweight- Age-climate-feeding
Blood pressure changes constantly as each heartbeat is a blood pressure value. In addition, many factors influence the values of tension: for example, blood pressure is higher in winter and lower in summer, physical activity, anxiety, Measurement etc influence the values.
HOW IS THE ARTERIAL PRESSURE MEASURED?
1-MANGUITO OR BRACELET 2-MANOMETER
It is auscultated with a stethoscope applied on an artery in the fold of the elbow.
As the cuff or cuff expands, the artery is gradually compressed, and the point at which the cuff interrupts circulation and the pulsations are not audible determines the systolic pressure or maximum pressure.
Its habitual reading is realized when when deflating it slowly, the circulation is restored. Then, it is possible to hear an energetic sound as the cardiac contraction pushes the blood through the arteries. The first audible sound corresponds to the maximum pressure.
Afterwards, the cuff is allowed to deflate slowly, until the sound of the blood flow disappears. The reading in this last sound determines the diastolic pressure or minimum pressure, which occurs during the relaxation of the heart. During a cardiac cycle or heartbeat, the blood pressure varies from a maximum during systole to a minimum during diastole.
In general, both determinations are described as a proportional expression of the superior over the inferior, for example, 125/80.
When a doctor talks about blood pressure levels, it refers to two figures.
• The first number, or the largest number, refers to the pressure that exists in the arteries when the heart beats (systolic).
• The second number, or the smallest number, refers to the pressure that exists in the arteries between heart beats (diastolic).
When the blood pressure is recorded, the number representing the systolic pressure precedes, or is set above, the number of the diastolic pressure. For example: 117/76 (117 out of 76); systolic = 117, diastolic = 76. Blood pressure is measured in mmHg (millimetres of mercury) although cm (centimeters) are used in the colloquial language. For example, a reading such as: 128 78 would be 128mmHg maximum and 78mmHg minimum and would be: 12.8 maximum and 7.8 minimum.
ADEQUATE TAKING OF THE BLOOD PRESSURE
• The patient must be properly seated.
• The bare arms, supported and at the level of the heart.
• The patient must not have smoked or taken coffee 30 minutes before the measurement.
• The patient must remain at rest at least five minutes before the measurement.
• A suitable cuff (the part that squeezes your arm) (that covers 80% of the arm) should be used.
• Calibrated mercury or aneroid sphygmomanometer should be used.
• Systolic and diastolic pressures should be recorded.
• Two or more readings should be averaged, at two-minute intervals.
• If the readings differ by more than 5 mm Hg. more readings must be obtained
• The doctor will give explanations about the meaning of the figures found and advise on periodic measurements.