132/84 blood pressure and how is the arterial pressure measured

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132/84 blood pressure..As a general rule and following the guidelines of the different organizations of experts in arterial hypertension, we define normal blood pressure that is below 130 mmHg of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and below 85 mmHg of diastolic blood pressure (DBP). ). The values ​​between 130-139 mmHg of SBP and 85-89 mmHg of DBP are also defined as normal-high blood pressure.

132/84 blood pressure

In the Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Treatment of Arterial Hypertension of the European Society of Hypertension and the European Society of Cardiology, published in June 2007, the classification mentioned in the previous paragraph is confirmed, recommending lower blood pressure figures, in all patients, considering as optimal blood pressure that they are below 120 mmHg of SBP and 80 mmHg of DBP. We will talk about arterial hypertension to reach figures of 140 mmHg of PAS and 90 mmHg of PAD.

132 84 blood pressure

There are special and sick situations that due to other associated diseases, such as diabetes (sugar in the blood), kidney failure (that the kidneys do not work well), patients with heart failure (that the heart is weak), etc. where it is advisable to have the maximum and minimum blood pressure below these figures, to better protect the organs and arteries and not cause injuries in them.

In these cases it would be necessary to obtain figures of maximum blood pressure of less than 130 mmHg of SBP and 80 mmHg of DBP in diabetes and heart failure, and less than 125 mmHg of SBP and 75 mmHg of DBP in the case of renal failure. Anyway, your doctor will inform you of your blood pressure figures to reach in your specific case

These blood pressure figures are what define the limits of normal blood pressure, regardless of age, with this we want to clarify that there are no higher normal blood pressure figures for people older than 60, 70 or 80 years or older, all this clarification is, trying to destroy the “popular belief”

that as you get older the normality figures go up, the famous rule that you have to put the unit in front of the age and that is the normal pressure, for example a person of 60 years, his blood pressure is considered normal up to 160 mmHg systolic or maximum, if he is 70 years old up to 170 mmHg, etc. The guidelines that are defined are for the entire population in general, including the third age.

The most important message of these recommendations is that you have to keep your blood pressure low, if you are not hypertensive, or lower your blood pressure to lower numbers, if you are hypertensive, as long as the patient supports and perfectly maintains these lower figures, that this will contribute to the heart working less and the arteries along with the rest of our body is more protected from the vascular complications of high blood pressure.

What is hypertension?

Blood pressure is the measurement of the pressure or strength of your blood by pushing against the walls of blood vessels. The heart pumps blood to the arteries (blood vessels), which carry blood throughout the body. High blood pressure, also called hypertension, means that the pressure in your arteries is above what is normal. In most cases, no one knows what causes high blood pressure.

how is the arterial pressure measured?

Blood pressure is written as two numbers, such as 118/72. The first number is the systolic pressure. This is the pressure in the arteries when your heart beats and fills them with blood. The second number is the diastolic pressure. This is the pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between beats.

What is a normal pressure?

Type of blood pressure measurement Normal blood pressure Pre-hypertension Hypertension stage 1 Hypertension stage 2
Systolic Less than 120 mmHg 120-139 mmHg 140-159 mmHg 160 mmHg and higher
Diastolic Less than 80 mmHg 80-89 mmHg 90-99 mmHg 100 mmHg and higher
mmHg = millimeters of mercury – the unit of measurement of blood or arterial pressure

How will I know if I have high blood pressure?

Your doctor or the person who is caring for you can tell you if you have high blood pressure by measuring your blood pressure with a special meter. Normally you can not feel if you have high blood pressure. Many people who have high blood pressure do not know that they have it that way. You should have your blood pressure measured once a year to make sure you do not have high blood pressure. Do not trust the measurements of pharmacy machines, as they may not be accurate or accurate.

What can happen if high blood pressure is not treated?

Stroke or stroke
Increase in heart size
Heart failure or failure
Peripheral vascular disease
Heart attack
Kidney disease or failure

Who is more likely to have high blood pressure?

People who have relatives who have high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, or diabetes
African-Americans
Women who are pregnant
Women who take the contraceptive pill
People who are over 35 years of age
People who are overweight
People who are not active, who do not exercise
People who eat too much fat or eat too much salt
People who smoke

What should I do if I have high blood pressure?

If you have been diagnosed with high blood pressure, you should check with your doctor to see what the goal is in your blood pressure number. The new guidelines recommend lowering your blood pressure to 149/90 if you are under 60 years of age, or if you have diabetes or kidney disease, and less than 150/90 if you are 60 years of age or older.

Check your blood pressure at home the way you have been recommended.
Eat healthy foods that are low in salt and fat.
Get and maintain your ideal weight.
Limit drinking alcohol to no more than two drinks a day. A drink is considered 1 ounce of alcohol, 5 ounces of wine, or 12 ounces of beer.
Get more physical activity
Stop smoking.
Try to control the anger and manage your stress.
Take medications to control high blood pressure if prescribed by your doctor, and follow the doctor’s instructions very carefully.
Go regularly to your doctor to have your blood pressure checked.

What should I include in my diet to control my blood pressure if it is high?

Eat foods that are lower in fat, salt, and calories such as skim milk or 1% milk, fresh vegetables and fruits, and natural rice and pasta. (Ask your doctor to give you a more detailed list of the foods without salt that you should eat.)
Use condiments or dressings, spices, and herbs to cook food in a tasty way without the need to use salt.

Avoid or reduce the consumption of butter and margarine, ready made dressings for salads, fatty meats, dairy products made with whole milk, fried foods, and salty snacks.
Ask your doctor to see if you need to increase the amount of potassium in your diet or if you should take a vitamin supplement of potassium.
Talk about the dietary method to stop hypertension (DASH) with your doctor.

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