132 89 blood pressure .. Do you know what your health is now ?

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132 89 blood pressure : your blood pressure is high normal. 

Requirement for a normal high blood pressure is a low value of 130 – 139/85 – 89.

If your systolic value (high) will increase from 132 mmHg to -12 mmHg mmHg and your diastolic value (low) will increase by -9 mmHg, your blood pressure would not be high anymore, but hypertension in stage 1.

Definition

High Blood Pressure or Hypertension (HBP) is a term that refers to the fact that blood travels through the arteries at a pressure greater than that desirable to health.

In some cases, there may be dizziness, nosebleeds, or headaches, but not necessarily.

The majority of those affected have no symptoms. This does not mean that it is not dangerous: Many of the deaths that occur each year are as a direct consequence of hypertension or its complications on the cardiovascular system or the kidney.

Normal tension

A normal typical high voltage is 120/80 mm Hg. This means that the heart exerts a maximum pressure of 120 mm Hg during the systole or pump phase, and that the heart at rest, in the diastolic or filling phase, has a pressure of 80 mm Hg. (The pressure of the heart is the same as that of all arteries in the body).

High blood pressure is determined by two main factors among many others: The amount of blood that circulates, and the caliber of the arteries through which it circulates.

In general, the more volume of circulating blood and the smaller the diameter through which that volume circulates, the higher the high tension.

The kidneys control the volume of circulating water and the amount of salt that the body contains. These two facts have direct effects on the TA. The more salt in the body, the more water is retained in the circulation, and the higher the tension may increase, which in turn may increase the tendency of the arteries to become narrower.

Normal and high blood pressure values.

Systolic Systolic Diastolic Diastolic Systolic Systolic Diastolic Diastolic
MAN MAN MAN MAN WOMAN WOMAN WOMAN WOMAN
Age Normal high Normal high Normal high Normal high
16-18 105-135 145 60-86 90 100-13 140 60-85 90
19-24 105-140 150 62-88 95 100-130 140 60-85 90
25-29 108-140 150 65-90 96 102-130 140 60-86 92
30-39 110-145 160 68-92 100 105-140 150 65-90 98
40-49 110-155 170 70-96 104 105-155 165 65-96 105
50-59 115-165 175 70-98 106 110-170 180 70-100 108
60 … 115-170 190 70-100 110 115-175 190 70-100 110

 

(However, a person with a healthy kidney and without high blood pressure (HBP) can tolerate a very wide range of salt intake without effects on AT).

On the other hand, if the vessels become smaller, the heart has to work harder to pump the same amount of blood, and the pressure at which the blood is pumped increases.

Other factors that influence AT are the nervous system, the blood vessels themselves (in particular, the smaller arteries, called arterioles) and a series of hormones.

Causes of high blood pressure

High blood pressure (HBP) is the increase in BP at 140/90 mm Hg or more.

This can occur without a known prior cause (essential hypertension (HBP)) or as a result of some other disease (secondary hypertension (HT).

The most frequent causes of secondary arterial hypertension (HT) are:

  • Endocrine diseases (of the glands): Cushing’s syndrome, Tumors of the adrenal glands.
  • Diseases of the kidney: Stenosis (narrowing) of the renal artery, glomerulonephritis, or renal failure.

Pregnancy and the use of oral contraceptives can also cause high blood pressure (HBP) in some women

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