138 82 blood pressure Let’s get to know it

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138 82 blood pressure..Blood pressure is the force of blood against the walls of blood vessels when the heart pumps blood. If your blood pressure rises and stays high over time, it is called high blood pressure. High blood pressure is dangerous because it causes the heart to work too much and the high force of blood flow can damage arteries and organs such as the heart, kidneys, brain and eyes.

138 82 blood pressure

Systolic and diastolic pressure

The pressure of blood against the walls of the arteries when the heart beats is called systolic pressure. The pressure between beats, when the heart relaxes is called diastolic pressure.

Blood pressure is always given as two numbers, systolic and diastolic pressure. Both are important. Usually, one is written on top of or before the other – for example, 120/80 mmHg. The upper part, or first, is the systolic pressure number and the lower or second number is the diastolic. If your blood pressure is 120/80, it is said to be “120 over 80”

138 82 blood pressure

Your blood pressure changes throughout the day. It is usually lower when you are asleep and rises when you wake up. You can also go up when you are excited, nervous or active. Therefore, it varies throughout the day.

High blood pressure (hypertension)

A systolic blood pressure of 140 mmHg or greater, or a diastolic blood pressure of 90 mmHg or greater, is considered high blood pressure or hypertension. Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure.

If you have diabetes or chronic kidney disease, your recommended blood pressure levels are a systolic blood pressure of 130 mm Hg or lower and a diastolic blood pressure of 80 mmHg or lower.

High blood pressure currently affects almost 1 in 3 adults.

Usually has no symptoms, high blood pressure is often called “the silent killer” because it usually has no symptoms. Occasionally, headaches may occur. Some people may not know they have high blood pressure until they have problems with their heart, kidneys or eyes. When high blood pressure is not diagnosed and treated, it can lead to other life-threatening diseases, including myocardial infarction, heart failure, stroke and kidney failure. It can also lead to changes in vision or blindness.

Possible effects over time

Over time, high blood pressure can cause your heart to work too hard and become larger or weaker, which can lead to heart failure.

Small bumps (aneurysms) make the blood vessels worse. The common places for aneurysms are the aorta, which is the main artery of the heart; arteries in the brain, legs and intestines; and the artery that leads to his spleen.

The blood vessels in the kidneys narrow, which can cause kidney failure.

The blood vessels in the eyes burst or bleed, which can cause changes in vision and can lead to blindness.

The arteries throughout the body to “harden” faster, especially those in the heart, brain, kidneys and legs. It can cause a heart attack, stroke or kidney failure.

Normal blood pressure levels

A blood pressure reading of 120/80 mmHg or less is considered normal. Generally, the lower the better, although very low blood pressure can sometimes be a cause for concern and should be checked by your doctor.

Pre-hypertension

While your systolic or diastolic pressure is higher than normal (120/80), but not 140/90, you have pre-hypertension. Pre-hypertension is a higher number between 120 and 139 or a lower number between 80 and 89 mmHg. For example, blood pressure readings of 138/82, 128/70, 115/86 or are in the “pre-hypertension” range.

If you have pre-hypertension, your chances of developing high blood pressure are greater than the average unless you take steps to prevent it. In fact, having prehypertension doubles the chances of having heart disease or a stroke in a woman. That is a 100 percent increase. For men, the increase is 45 percent. Talk to your doctor about the lifestyle changes you can make to lower your blood pressure and prevent hypertension.

Isolated systolic hypertension

About two out of three people over 60 who have high blood pressure have isolated systolic hypertension. This means that only the top number, the systolic pressure, is high (140 mmHg or higher). Isolated systolic hypertension can be as harmful as when both numbers are high.

There are new guidelines for the diagnosis of hypertension. The figure has been reduced to 130/80 to try to reduce the excess of brain accidents, heart attacks and kidney damage.

This change occurs after 14 years and after a series of analyzes conducted by the American Heart Association (AHA) and the American Heart Association (ACC) based on large studies, explains cardiologist Roberto Lecaro, who has been during this week at the annual meeting of these entities in California.

The cardiologist says that the diagnosis of hypertension was considered from 140 for the maximum or systolic and 90 for the minimum or diastolic (140 / 90mmHg) or greater, but the decision was made to reduce it due to the high number of people affected with related damages such as strokes, heart failure, heart attacks, etc.

What is blood pressure

Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood against the walls of the arteries. Every time the heart beats, it pumps blood to the arteries, which is when its pressure is higher, which is called systolic pressure. When the heart is at rest between heartbeats, the blood pressure decreases, which is called diastolic pressure.

In the blood pressure reading both numbers are used, the systolic and diastolic pressure. In general, the systolic pressure is mentioned first or above the diastolic. A reading with normal values ​​is: 120/80.

Dr. Lecaro explains that in Ecuador hypertension is the leading cause of death and its cerebral, cardiac and renal complications are at the top, so these new guidelines emphasize the priority that is a change in lifestyle, between those who have improved nutrition, with a low salt diet, exercise, and stop smoking.

New hypertension guidelines
– Normal: Less than 120/80 mm Hg;

– High: Maximum (systolic) between 120-129 and minimum (diastolic) less than 80;

– Hypertension Stage 1: systolic between 130-139 or diastolic between 80-89;

– Hypertension Stage 2: Systolic at least 140 or diastolic at least 90 mm Hg;

– Hypertensive crisis: A maximum above 180 and / or a minimum above 120, with patients who need changes in blood pressure especially if there are signs of damage to the organs.

The cardiologist insists that it is important to lose weight and reduce alcohol consumption. (I)

 

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