138 84 blood pressure.High blood pressure is a common health problem today. Nearly a third of adults in the United States have high blood pressure; Could you or someone in your family suffer? High blood pressure is not necessarily something that can be felt, but it increases the risk of serious diseases such as strokes and heart attacks.
The good news is that you can improve blood pressure with simple changes in habits.
138 84 blood pressure
The usual treatment for high blood pressure is medication. It is often logical; But what if you could get a perfect blood pressure without pills or side effects, in addition to improving health and weight as extra benefits?
The reality is that high blood pressure was extremely infrequent just a few centuries ago. There is something in the environment that raises blood pressure to more and more people. What is it?
What is blood pressure?
Blood pressure is exactly what it seems: the pressure in the blood vessels. With a normal amount of blood, a healthy heart and healthy and elastic vessels, you will have a normal blood pressure.
Low blood pressure can cause dizziness, especially when you wake up after sitting. This usually has no harmful effects and can be due to dehydration or lack of salt.
High or low blood pressure will almost never have obvious symptoms (sometimes you may have a slight headache). A very high blood pressure can give you intense headaches, fatigue and nausea. High blood pressure is the result of increased fluid and salt in the blood, and also thicker and harder walls of blood vessels than normal.
Since high blood pressure often goes unnoticed, it is common to live with it without realizing it for some time. And since it is a risk factor, it can be sensible to check your blood pressure every few years, even if you feel healthy in general. This advice is aimed especially at people of middle age or older, since hypertension is more common with age.
High blood pressure in a conspicuous way leads, in the long term, to an increased risk of heart disease and embolism. The higher the blood pressure, the greater the risk. Many times high blood pressure is treated with medical treatment to reduce health risks; however, it is possible to reduce blood pressure through changes in lifestyle (see below).
High blood pressure is often known among doctors as hypertension, a word we will use frequently on this page.
how is the arterial pressure measured?
Blood pressure is usually measured by fitting an inflatable cuff around the upper arm and inflating it. The pressure of the cuff stops the blood flow to the arm and measures it, which is equivalent to the pressure of the blood vessels.
The blood pressure data consists of two figures, for example 120/80.
The first number is the maximum pressure (when the heart contracts, systolic pressure). This is the highest pressure in the blood vessels.
The second number is the minimum pressure, which is taken when the heart relaxes (diastolic pressure).
To check blood pressure, you can contact your family doctor or specialist. You can also measure it at any pharmacy. Another option is to buy your own blood pressure meter, they are reliable and easy to use at home whenever you want.
What is a “good” blood pressure?
If you are healthy and do not take any medication for blood pressure, a blood pressure lower than the average should not be anything to worry about.
An ideal blood pressure should not be higher than 120/80. This is what young, healthy and slender people have.
However, most people in the western world have a higher blood pressure. Having hypertension is common in middle-aged and older people, especially those who are overweight.
Between 120-140 systolic pressure and 80-90 diastolic pressure are considered precursors of hypertension. It is not necessary to treat this in a healthy person, but it can mean that there is a possibility of improving health with changes in habits.
Indigenous people who do not eat a Western diet usually have excellent blood pressure, even at advanced ages. We can learn and be inspired by them.
What is hypertension?
A value above 140/90, measured at least on three separate occasions, is considered hypertension. Having a slightly high blood pressure temporarily (when you have stress, for example) is not dangerous.
Because blood pressure usually varies from one day to the next, it is recommended to diagnose hypertension only if there are high values repeatedly. If the average of any of the values (either systolic or diastolic) is greater than the norm, hypertension will be considered. That is, an average of 150/85 or 135/100 in measures taken several times will be considered too high.
Nearly one in three adults in the United States has hypertension according to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) and the ASH (American Society of Hypertension).
Values between 140/90 and 160/100 are considered light hypertension.
Above 160/100 is considered moderate hypertension.
Above 180/110 is severe hypertension.
The calculated difference between systolic and diastolic pressure is also of interest. If the difference is large (eg 170/85), it can be a sign of hardened arteries, often caused by heart disease. This means that the blood vessels can not dilate enough when the heart sends a pulse, and forces blood pressure to rise (the walls can not expand, so the pressure increases when the heart pumps blood).