138/88 blood pressure and how to deal with it
138/88 blood pressure.. Between 35% and 45% of Spaniards between 35 and 64 years old have hypertension, percentages that reach 65% among those over 60-65 years old. The drama is that many of these cases are undiagnosed or untreated.
138/88 blood pressure
What do the blood pressure numbers indicate?
Valentin Ruiz, a 54-year-old Valencian, has just taken the tension. It has 138/80 mmHg. What do these figures indicate?
The greater number indicates the systolic pressure. That number indicates the pressure the heart generates to pump blood (and transport oxygen) to the cells in the rest of the body.
The smaller number indicates the diastolic pressure. That number indicates the pressure of the blood vessels, between two beats.
Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg).
In general, the systolic pressure increases with the passage of time. However, starting at age 60, the diastolic pressure usually begins to fall, because the blood vessels become less flexible and more rigid.
What is a normal tension?
Optimum arterial pressure is considered to be systolic pressure values less than 120 and diastolic pressure values less than 80.
Normal blood pressure is considered to be systolic pressure values less than 130 and diastolic pressure values less than 85.
Normal-high blood pressure values are considered systolic pressure lower than 140 and values of diastolic pressure of 110 or more.
The text hypertension (HBP) or high blood pressure has three stages:
HTA of grade 1 (slight). They are systolic pressure values between 140 and 159 and diastolic pressure values between 90 and 99.
HTA of degree (moderate). They are systolic pressure values between 160 and 179 and diastolic pressure values between 100 and 109.
HTA of grade 3 (severe). They are values of systolic pressure 180 or more and / or values of diastolic pressure greater than 100.
Intermediate values have also been established:
HTA GRADE 1 borderline: systolic pressure values between 140 and 159 and diastolic pressure values between 90 and 94.
Isolated systolic hypertension: systolic pressure values of 140 or greater and diastolic pressure values of less than 90.
Isolated borderline systolic hypertension: systolic pressure values between 140 and 159 and systolic pressure values less than 90.
How to lower high blood pressure
Tricks and simple guidelines that will help you in a very positive way if you have high blood pressure, useful to lower high blood pressure levels, easily and simply.
How to lower high blood pressure
Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by the blood when it circulates through the walls of the arteries, hence it is also medically known as blood pressure.
With regard to blood pressure values, blood pressure has two main components: on the one hand the systolic pressure (which reflects the contractions of the heart), and the diastolic pressure that indicates the constant minimum pressure present in our arteries ( which reflects the relaxation of the heart).
Therefore, the T / A is always expressed as a fraction, so that the systolic pressure acts as the numerator and the diastolic pressure as the denominator: when measuring a pressure of 120 mm / Hg and a diastolic pressure of 70 mm / Hg, express yourself 120/70.
Practice physical exercise
Physical exercise is able to lower blood pressure, and even provide benefits for cardiovascular health, since it increases HDL cholesterol levels.
But for this it is essential that we practice physical exercise at least 3 times a week for a minimum of 30 minutes.
Exercise and arterial hypertension
Follow a healthy diet
It is essential not only to enjoy good health, but to maintain stable levels of blood pressure in our blood. It is essential:
Eat 5 servings of fresh fruits and vegetables every day.
Limit the consumption of saturated fats.
Limit the consumption of foods rich in cholesterol.
Increase the consumption of foods rich in fiber and foods rich in potassium.
Drink 1.5 to 2 liters of liquids every day: water, natural juices, teas and infusions.
Avoid alcohol and tobacco
Both tobacco and alcohol become two of the main enemies for our cardiovascular health. In fact, they are two unhealthy habits that increase blood pressure levels in our blood.
Live a relaxed life and control your level of stress
Stress is also another enemy for our blood pressure. Therefore, a good option is to look for activities or techniques that help us control our level of stress: yoga, relaxation or meditation can be very useful.
What is hypertension?
When the blood pressure values are high, arterial hypertension is diagnosed, which results in the following values or blood pressure levels:
Normal-high blood pressure: between 130-130 / 85-89.
High blood pressure slightly: between 140-159 / 90-99.
Moderate blood pressure: between 160-179 / 100-109.
Severe blood pressure: greater than 180/110.
High blood pressure is considered a problem and a risk to health, since it increases the likelihood of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, such as heart attack or heart failure. In addition, it is a risk of kidney disease (knows how to purify the kidneys) and early death.
Therefore, if our blood pressure levels are high, it is best that we follow the advice given by our doctor. In many cases, when high blood pressure becomes chronic and it is not possible to lower it with habits and health advice, it is likely that our doctor will prescribe a medication to help us lower these high levels.