38 day cycle..Menstruation is an event that occurs cyclically in women of childbearing age. Its presence is extremely powerful for women, not only because of the possible discomfort it causes, but also because the first and last period serves as a dividing milestone between the stages of a woman’s life. In addition, menstruation, or the absence of menstruation, also function as a signal for another relevant moment in life, which is pregnancy.
38 day cycle
In this article, we will answer 30 common questions about menstruation and the menstrual cycle.
Frequent doubts about menstruation
1- What is menstruation?
Menstruation is a phenomenon that occurs cyclically, every time a woman ovulates, but does not become pregnant. Let’s go to the explanation:
About 7 days before ovulation occurs, hormonal changes, with an emphasis on increased production of estrogen, stimulate the proliferation of cells, glands and blood vessels of the endometrium (the name we give to the wall of the uterus) . The progressive growth of the endometrium during the menstrual cycle occurs in order to prepare the uterus for a possible pregnancy, making it suitable to receive the newly fertilized egg.
At the time of ovulation, the uterus is up to 1.0 to 1.5 cm thicker than usual. If a woman ovulates, but there is no fertilization, the ovum released if atrophies and hormone levels, such as estrogen and progesterone, fall rapidly. Without these hormones, the blood flow to the thick wall of the endometrium ceases and the same suffers a collapse, being eliminated through the vagina.
Read also: FERTILE PERIOD TO STAY PREGNANT .
Therefore, the period is nothing more than a mixture of tissues, glands, mucus, secretions, coagulated blood, blood vessels and other structures that were part of the endometrial wall. This is the reason why bleeding from menstruation is not composed of liquid and living blood, being very different from other types of bleeding that we are accustomed to seeing.
2- Is it possible to ovulate and not menstruate?
Only if the ovum has been fertilized. Otherwise, if she ovulated and was not fertilized, she will surely menstruate days later.
3- Is it possible to menstruate without having ovulated?
No, menstruation is the result of unfertilized ovulation. If the woman did not ovulate, it means that there were no hormonal changes that stimulate the proliferation of the endometrium. Therefore, if a woman does not ovulate, she does not have her period.
The only exception is women who use contraceptive pills. In these cases, the woman does not ovulate, but the artificial replacement of hormones stimulates the proliferation of the endometrium. Therefore, the period occurs at the end of each card.
4 – What is the amount of blood that is normally lost in menstruation?
On average, women lose approximately 30 to 50 ml of blood in each menstrual cycle. The limit that is considered normal is approximately 80 ml per cycle. Obviously, no woman measures the volume of menstrual blood, because, as we have already explained, what comes out in menstruation is not only blood, but also some tissue of the endometrium and vaginal secretions. Therefore, more simply, we consider abnormal menstrual bleeding if the period has one or more of the following characteristics:
– Duration greater than 8 days.
– Need to change the absorbent more than 6 times a day.
– Menstrual cycles that occur with intervals of less than 24 days.
– Impression that the menstrual flow is much larger than usual, even if it does not fit in the 3 previous conditions.
5 – How many days has a normal menstrual cycle?
In most cases, the menstrual cycle is between 28 and 35 days. However, menstrual cycles that have between 24 and 38 days of interval are still considered normal.
6 – How many days should menstruation last?
In most cases, the menstrual period lasts from 4 to 6 days. However, up to 8 days of menstrual losses are considered normal
7 – What are the main causes of delayed menstruation?
The main cause of menstrual delay is pregnancy. However, this obviously does not mean that any late period is caused by an ongoing pregnancy. There are several other causes for delayed menstruation, such as infections, use of medications, stress, significant changes in body weight, hormonal changes, etc. In the following link we will give a more detailed explanation about these causes.
To learn more about menstrual delay, read: 15 CAUSES OF MENSTRUAL DELAY .
8 – What is the normal age for the first period?
Currently, the average age of the menarche, name given to the first menstruation of life, is 12.5 years. Most cases occur between 11 and 13 years, but are considered normal when menstruation occurs between 9 and 15 years.
It is good to bear in mind that the first menstruation occurs, generally, about 2 and a half years after the onset of puberty, that is, after the appearance of the first pubic hair and the early development of the breasts. Therefore, the absence of menarche at the age of 14 or 15 years can be a sign of developmental delay if the girl shows signs of not having yet entered puberty.
9 – What is the normal age for menopause?
The majority of women have menopause between 45 and 55 years of age, with an average of 51 years. When menopause arrives before 40 years, it is called early menopause, because the ovaries will go into failure earlier than usual.
Read also: EARLY MENOPAUSE – Symptoms, Age and Causes .
10 – How long does it take for menstruation to regularize in adolescence?
In general, in the first years after menarche, the menstrual cycle of girls is very irregular, as ovulation occurs very erratic. In the first year, approximately half of the cycles are anovulatory, that is, without the occurrence of ovulation. This makes menstruation take 40 days or more to return.
Three years after the menarche, about 95% of women find their menstrual cycle more or less regularized. However, changes may occur up to 5 or 7 years after the onset of menstruation.
11 – Do girls stop growing after menstruation?
No, but the peak of growth normally occurs months before the menarche. After the first menstruation the girls still grow for a few years, only more slowly and with a predominance in the trunk (the limbs grow faster than the trunk at the onset of puberty).
12 – What is the normal color of menstruation?
The color of menstruation depends on some factors, such as the volume and day of menstruation. In general, the period may start with a dark color and little flow. As the menstrual flow increases, it becomes more reddish and may also be pink or white.
Red wine. In the end, with the reduction of the flow, the menstruation returns to remain stuck, because the blood that takes to be expelled becomes more obscured with the passing of the days.
13 – In virgin women, how does the blood come out of menstruation?
The hymen, a film present at the entrance of the vaginal canal of virgin women, does not completely occlude the vagina, since it usually has a hole in its center, which allows the passage of menstrual flow. However, approximately 0.1% of women are born with a malformation called an imperforate hymen, which consists of a hymen without a hole. In these cases, if the patient is not diagnosed before the menarche, when menstruation occurs, it can not be eliminated, causing a picture of cyclic abdominal cramps and accumulation of blood clots in the pelvic region.
14 – Can virgin women use tampon?
They can, but they should do it with care and, if possible, with the guidance of a gynecologist. The preference is always for small size tampons.
Some women present anatomical variations of the hymen, which can hinder the passage of the absorbent. A simple test performed by the gynecologist is able to identify the anatomical changes that can make the use of tampons difficult.
If the plug does not fit easily, do not force it. Seek guidance with your gynecologist.
15 – Can you sleep with a tampon?
No, during the night the woman must only use external absorbent, because the risk of bacterial proliferation and gynecological infection increases considerably if the tampon is kept for many hours without being changed.