Bloating frequent urination..The pain can be felt exactly where the urine leaves the body. Or it can be felt inside the body, behind the pubis, or in the bladder or prostate.Pain when urinating is a fairly common problem. People who suffer from it may also feel like urinating more often .
bloating frequent urination
Painful urination is almost always caused by an infection or inflammation somewhere in the urinary tract, such as:
Bladder infection in an adult
Bladder infection in a child
Swelling and irritation of the duct that carries urine out of the body (urethra)
Painful urination in women and girls may be due to:
Changes in vaginal tissue during menopause ( atrophic vaginitis )
Herpes infection in the genital area
Irritation of vaginal tissue caused by bubble baths, perfumes or lotions
Vulvovaginitis , such as candidiasis or other infections of the vulva or vagina
Other causes of painful urination include:
A urinalysis will be done. A urine culture can be ordered . If you have had a previous bladder and kidney infection, a more detailed history and physical examination is needed. Additional laboratory tests may also be needed.
A pelvic examination and evaluation of vaginal fluids may be necessary for women and adolescents who present with vaginal discharge. Men with discharge from the penis will need to be given a sample of exudate from the urethra.
The pain in the bladder usually indicates the presence of a urinary infection, however, it can also occur by some irritation caused by cysts, kidney stones or some inflammation at the level of the uterus or intestine. So to know what is causing this pain, you should check if other symptoms are present such as blood in the urine, pain when urinating, fever or if there is the presence of vaginal discharge or in the penis.
The treatment should always be indicated by the general practitioner, but the gynecologist or the urologist can also indicate the causes and the most appropriate treatment for each situation.
What can cause bladder pain and how it should be treated
The main causes and treatments for bladder pain are:
1. Urinary infection
The urinary infection can affect the bladder, the urethra or when it is more serious it can affect the kidneys, being the most frequent cause of bladder pain. Normally, it is accompanied by other symptoms such as:
Pain in the pelvis or bladder when urinating;
Much desire to urinate, but it comes out in small quantities;
A lot of urgency to urinate;
Presence of blood in the urine;
Pain in the urethra or bladder during intercourse;
Although it is more common in women, it can also occur in men of all ages. If you have any of the symptoms listed above, you should go to the urologist or gynecologist, but if the doctor does not have consultations available, it will be necessary to go to the emergency service for a complete evaluation, including a physical examination and a urine test . Learn more about how to identify the symptoms of urinary tract infection .
How to treat: If it is confirmed of the presence of an infection, the doctor may indicate the use of antibiotics such as Norfloxacin, Sulfa or Fosfomycin; In addition to this you can prescribe analgesics such as Paracetamol or anti-inflammatories such as Ibuprofen to relieve pain and discomfort. During recovery it is important to drink around 2 liters of water per day and maintain good intimate hygiene. Cranberry tea is an excellent home remedy that can fight this infection naturally.
To see more about how to get rid of urinary tract infection, see our nutritionist’s video below:
Also known as interstitial cystitis, painful bladder syndrome is an inflammation or irritation of the bladder wall of unknown cause, which can occur in both men and women. The signs and symptoms of this disease are:
Burning or pain when urinating;
Pain during the intimate relationship;
You want to urinate several times a day and during the night.
These symptoms can have periods in which they improve and then get worse, and it is common to be confused with those of a urinary infection, which makes the person receive repeated treatments based on antibiotics unnecessarily, so you should think about this disease as long as the symptoms are persistent and recurrent.
In addition, in some people, these symptoms may appear or be exacerbated by the use of substances such as cigarettes, coffee, alcohol, black tea, acidic foods or psychological causes.
How to treat : analgesic or anti-inflammatory medications can be used to relieve symptoms, it is also important to treat the causes of stress and anxiety with psychotherapy or alternative therapies such as meditation, and avoid the use of substances that trigger the crisis.
3. Neurogenic bladder
Neurogenic bladder is a dysfunction in the ability to relax and contract the bladder and urinary tract, caused by neurological diseases, which cause urinary incontinence, a feeling that the urine is not emptied completely and, in many cases, pain in the belly .
The neurogenic bladder has two classifications: hypoactive, in which the bladder can not contract voluntarily, accumulating urine; or hyperactive, in which the bladder contracts easily, causing urgency to urinate at inappropriate times, being more common in women.
How to treat : Neurogenic bladder is treated according to its cause and the symptoms reported by each person, it may be necessary to perform physiotherapy, the use of drugs such as oxybutynin or tolterodine, the placement of a bladder catheter or, in some cases, surgical procedure.
4. Inflammation in the bladder
Pain in the bladder can be caused by some type of inflammation in this organ, which may be caused by conditions such as:
Bladder endometriosis: caused by implants of uterine tissue in the bladder, which causes chronic and intense pain, worsening during the premenstrual period;
Use of medications such as some chemotherapeutic agents, which can cause irritation of the bladder tissue;
Use of bladder catheter for a long time;
Immunological causes, in which there is a self-aggression of the bladder cells;
Cancer in the bladder, which causes lesions in the region.
In addition to this, changes in the prostate, in the case of men, can be an important cause of pain in the bladder due to inflammations, infections or the presence of a tumor in this organ.
How to treat : Inflammation of the bladder should be treated according to the cause, and the symptoms should be alleviated with analgesics and anti-inflammatories. During the consultation, the possible treatment should be discussed with the doctor, either with medication or through surgical procedures.
5. Stone in the kidneys
The stone can be installed in any region of the urinary tract, being able to be at the level of the kidneys, ureters, bladder or urethra. Stones can cause pain when moving or impact in a region of the urinary tract that is usually of high intensity and may be associated with the presence of bleeding in the urine and nausea.
How to treat : the urologist will indicate the appropriate treatment, according to the size and location of the stone, being able to be with observation or surgery. It is important to hydrate well, drinking around 2 liters of water per day, to facilitate the expulsion of the calculus and avoid possible complications in the kidneys.