Blood pressure 105 65 The most important information

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Blood pressure 105 65..Low blood pressure (hypotension) occurs, by definition, when it falls below certain values. This is the value that is normally cited first, when the blood pressure measurement is taken (called the systolic value): if the mercury column shows a value less than 105 millimeters (mmHg), the blood pressure is considered low.

Systolic blood pressure occurs when the heart contracts and pumps blood to the arteries. The blood supply to each of the organs, especially the brain, depends on the systolic pressure. Therefore, low blood pressure causes symptoms that indicate that there is little blood supply to the brain.

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Low diastolic blood pressure (the one that occurs when the heart relaxes after contraction) has a secondary role in terms of the blood supply to the organs. The diastolic value is the one mentioned second in the pressure measurement. If you have low blood pressure, its value is usually 65 to 60 millimeters in the mercury column (mmHg). Unlike in the case of high blood pressure (hypertension), it does not lead to permanent damage to the blood vessels.

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Incidence

Hypotension usually has no consequences for those affected. Most of the time it is usually discovered when a blood pressure measurement is made. That is why it is not possible to obtain accurate data on the incidence of low blood pressure. When symptoms occur they are so diffuse that it is not always possible to ensure their origin.

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Low blood pressure is mainly:

in young people at puberty, especially girls
in young and thin women
in pregnancy
in women with eating disorders (for example, anorexia or bulimia)
in very thin elderly people

Low blood pressure (hypotension)

Unlike hypertension, hypotension is not life threatening and does not cause other potentially serious diseases. It helps protect against many cardiovascular diseases, such as myocardial infarction or stroke.

However, people with low blood pressure (hypotension) can also have symptoms, which can make them suffer a lot sometimes: dizziness, headache, concentration disorders and fatigue may be possible symptoms. In addition, mental performance may be affected. Healthy people who have low blood pressure may have problems concentrating and react more slowly.

The so-called primary hypotension (essential) is the most common form of low blood pressure and is not classified as a disease. It occurs mainly in young women, in particular, if the characteristic is a family trait.

Basically, low blood pressure is a simple measured value and not a disease. The World Health Organization (WHO) has defined a blood pressure lower than 100/60 mmHg in women and lower than 110/70 mmHg in men as low blood pressure (hypotension). However, the appearance of these symptoms with these values ​​depends on each person. Especially sensitive people can also suffer from dizziness and feeling of dizziness with higher values.

When you take blood pressure, you get a reading of two values ​​expressed in millimeters of mercury, for example: 120/80. The first number corresponds to the systolic blood pressure, which indicates the pressure during the heartbeat (systole), and the second refers to the diastolic blood pressure, which indicates the pressure when the heart is relaxed (diastole). Doctors consider that a patient is hypertensive when their blood pressure exceeds the 140/90 index.

What causes the increase in tension? By increasing blood flow and reducing the diameter of the blood vessels it raises blood pressure. What causes hypertension? The truth is that there are many factors involved.

Researchers have found that a family history of hypertension increases the likelihood of developing this disease. The statistics indicate more cases between identical twins than between twins.

A certain study claimed to have “located the genes responsible for arterial hypertension,” which would confirm the existence of the hereditary factor. In addition, it is known that the risk of suffering from this disorder increases with age and is higher among black men.

Factors under your control

Watch the diet. Salt (sodium), which increases blood pressure in some cases, especially affects diabetics, those with severe hypertension, the elderly and some black people.

The excess of fat in the blood favors the formation of deposits of cholesterol in the internal walls of the blood vessels (atherosclerosis), which reduces its caliber and raises the pressure. Those who exceed their ideal weight by 30% are more likely to suffer from hypertension. Several research studies reveal that, in some cases, the contribution of potassium and calcium can decrease it.

Smoking has been linked to a high risk of atherosclerosis, diabetes, myocardial infarction or stroke. Thus, the combination of tobacco and hypertension can cause various heart diseases.

Although not all researchers share the same opinion, caffeine (present in coffee, tea and cola), as well as emotional and physical stress can also aggravate hypertension. In addition, scientists know that excessive or habitual consumption of alcoholic beverages and a sedentary lifestyle usually raise blood pressure.

Healthy habits

It would be a mistake to wait for hypertension to start taking preventive measures. From the youth, a healthy lifestyle must be followed. The care of the present will translate into a better quality of life in the future.

The researchers advise the obese to follow a balanced, low-calorie diet, avoid fast or “miracle” diets and make a moderate program of physical exercise. With regard to salt, they recommended a daily consumption of, at most, six grams (one teaspoon).

In practice, this means practically eliminating salt in the preparation of meals, as well as minimizing canned foods, sausages (salami, ham, sausages, etc.) and smoked products. Also, you must refrain from adding more salt during the meal and get used to reading the labels of the foodstuffs to check the salt content.

It is also recommended to increase the intake of potassium, as it may have an “antihypertensive effect”. In that case, a healthy diet should include “foods low in sodium and rich in potassium,” such as beans, green vegetables, bananas, melons, carrots, tomatoes, oranges and beets. It is equally important to moderate the consumption of alcohol.

According to some experts, the maximum daily dose of alcohol for hypertensive men is 30 milliliters, and 15 milliliters for women and people of low weight.

Regular physical exercise lowers blood pressure and, therefore, reduces the risk of hypertension. It is beneficial to practice moderate aerobic exercise, such as walking, cycling and swimming, for 30 or 45 minutes, three to five times a week.

Other recommendations to lead a healthier life are: stop smoking, monitor diabetes and blood fat level (cholesterol and triglycerides), take an adequate amount of calcium and magnesium, and control emotional and physical stress. Certain drugs increase blood pressure in some cases, such as nasal decongestants, high sodium antacids, appetite moderators, and painkillers for caffeine-containing migraines.

If you suffer from hypertension, the one who is in the best position to advise you on diet and other habits is your doctor, as it will take into account your particular needs. However, all members of the family, whether or not they are hypertensive, will benefit from living a healthy life from the earliest possible age.

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