Blood pressure 118/80 Let us recognize it

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Blood pressure 118/80..Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood against the walls of the arteries. Each time the heart beats, it pumps blood to the arteries. Your blood pressure will be at the highest level when your heart beats by pumping blood. This is called systolic pressure. When the heart is at rest, between heartbeats, blood pressure decreases. This is called diastolic pressure.

blood pressure 118/80

1-The person to whom you are going to take the pressure must be in the position in which the patient of the image is, that is, sitting, lying on the back and with the hand stretched towards the person who will perform the measurement:

blood pressure 118 80

 

2-Place the handle, belt or band around the arm, almost two fingers above the elbow, with rubber tubes facing us:

 

3-We look for the radial artery and we set the pulse. Then we close the valve of the sphingomanometer and begin to inflate the band until the pulse disappears, then we add 30 mmhg.

 

4-We place the stethoscope just above the brachial artery (NOT BELOW THE SPHINOMANOMETER BAND), then open the valve little by little until you hear the first sound, the arrival of blood flow (systolic pressure), let it continue to escape the air until you hear the normal flow of blood, that is the diastolic pressure. When listening to the first and the normal flow of blood we look at the manometer ejm: the first sound we hear at 118 mmHg and the normal blood flow at 80 mmHg, the measurement will be 118/80.

Tips:

-We must avoid exercising before the measurement.

– It is necessary to rest before a minimum of 10 minutes, since the physical activity can modify the true information.

-It is recommended to be very attentive to listen to the pulse of the heart, memorize or write down the number that the marker indicated in the first beat.

-It is recommended to let pass at least 3 minutes before taking the pressure again, in case of not having heard the beats.

-Repeat the process in the opposite arm to confirm that the records are symmetrical in both arms.

-Take into account that if the patient is hypertensive it may be convenient to inflate the cuff at a pressure of 220 mmHg or 250 mmHg

Warnings:

-Be careful not to over inflate the cuff, because apart from causing intense pain in the region, we can cause collapse of the vessels, which later can be difficult to recover.

-If blood pressure is not measured correctly, it can give false information, in case this happens, turn to a specialist or expert in the subject to rule out pathological processes.

* This sphygmomanometer must be calibrated every so often.
There is also the mercury sphygmomanometer that less portable, however, is more accurate.

Blood pressure is a measure of the force exerted against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood to your body. Hypertension is the term used to describe high blood pressure.

If left untreated, blood pressure can lead to many medical conditions. These include heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, eye problems and other health problems.

Blood pressure readings are usually given as two numbers. The upper number is called systolic blood pressure. The lower number is called diastolic blood pressure. For example, 120 over 80 (written as 120/80 mm Hg).

One or both numbers may be too high. (Note: these amounts apply to people who are not taking blood pressure medications and those who are not sick).

A normal blood pressure is when the blood pressure is less than 120/80 mm Hg most of the time.
High blood pressure (hypertension) is when one or both numbers of blood pressure are greater than 130/80 mm Hg most of the time.
If the value of the upper number of your blood pressure is between 120 and 130 mm Hg and the value of the lower number is less than 80 mm Hg, it is called high blood pressure.
If you have heart or kidney problems, or if you had a stroke, your doctor may recommend that your blood pressure be even lower than that of people who do not have these conditions.

Causes
Many factors can affect blood pressure, including:

The amount of water and salt that you have in your body
The state of the kidneys, nervous system or blood vessels
Your hormone levels
You are more likely to be told that your blood pressure is too high as you get older. This is because the blood vessels become stiffer with age. When this happens, blood pressure rises. High blood pressure increases the likelihood of having a stroke, a heart attack, heart failure, kidney disease or premature death.

You have a higher risk of high blood pressure if:

He is African American
He is obese
He is often stressed or anxious
Drink too much alcohol (more than 1 drink a day for women and more than 2 a day for men)
Have headache
Eat too much salt
Have a family history of high blood pressure
Have diabetes
Smoke
Most of the time, no cause of high blood pressure is identified. This is called essential hypertension.

Hypertension caused by another condition or by a medication you are taking is called secondary hypertension. This may be due to:

Chronic kidney disease
Disorders of the adrenal glands (such as pheochromocytoma or Cushing’s syndrome)
Hyperparathyroidism
Pregnancy or preeclampsia
Medications such as birth control pills, diet pills, some cold medications, migraine medications, corticosteroids, some antipsychotics, and certain medications used to treat cancer
Narrowing of the artery that supplies blood to the kidney (stenosis of the renal artery)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)

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