diabetes essays : The official name of diabetes is ” diabetes mellitus “, popularly known as diabetes . Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder where there is insufficient or no production of insulin, which prevents the body from balancing blood glucose levels itself.
Insulin is a hormone that is produced in the pancreas and that causes the tissue cells to take the glucose out of the blood. Glucose is the energy source of the human body.
If the insulin can not do its job, the blood sugar level rises too high ( hyperglycemia , hypo ). This hyperglycemia causes discomfort such as excessive urination, lots of thirst and tiredness.
In the long term , diabetes can lead to serious , such as heart and vascular disease as well as damage to the nerves, eyes and kidneys.
How common is diabetes?
The numbers about diabetes in Germany take alarming forms : in total, well over 7 million people have diabetes! Of these, more than six million people have type 2 diabetes , also known as adult- onset diabetes , and more than 700,000 people have type 1 diabetes . More than two million people do not (yet) know about their diabetes. Every year, the number of people with diabetes rises by about 400,000. In 2025, about 8.1 million people in Germany will be diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes .
Types of diabetes
There are different types of diabetes that need their own treatment. The most important types are diabetes type 1 and type 2 . In addition, there is gestational diabetes , a temporary type of diabetes that occurs immediately after birth.
In type 1 there is an absolute lack of insulin. Due to this lack of insulin, the cells can notabsorb enough glucose , leaving too much glucose in the blood . Because the body is (as good as) unable to make its own insulin, the treatment consists of injecting insulin .In type 2 , the production of insulin decreases and the body becomes less sensitive to insulin . A key factor in the development of type 2 diabetes is obesity . On the one hand, the treatment of type 2 is achieved through a healthy lifestyle: lose weight and move more . In addition, type 2 patients are often prescribed medications (tablets) . Some of these tablets make your cells more sensitive to insulin. In addition, there are tablets that make the pancreas release more insulin and tablets that delay the absorption of carbohydrates from the intestines.
Complications of diabetes
Diabetes can cause some annoying complications in the long run . Achieving as good and stable blood glucose levels as possible can reduce the potential for complications.
The complications due to diabetes are deviations in:
- Eyes (retinopathy)
- Heart and circulation (high blood pressure, heart attack, stroke)
- Kidneys (nephropathy)
- Nerves (neuropathy)
- Feet (diabetic foot)
- Erectile dysfunction
Because of the risk of complications, regular self-control of diabetes is required.
What are good blood glucose levels?
Anyone with diabetes can test their blood sugar easily and safely to keep their blood sugar under control. A self-test can easily be done with the blue Starter Kit from Diabetes Checkpoint .
The amount of glucose in the blood is measured in millimoles per liter (mmole / L). The blood glucose levels can be measured in the morning when you have not eaten (ie on an empty stomach). These values are called “sober ” values . If you measure after eating something, you will get “non-sober” values . When treating diabetes, you want to achieve as many “normal” blood glucose levels as possible. This means that the blood glucose levels should not fall below 4 mmol / l and should not rise above 9 mmol / l. Sometimes you may experience symptoms of high (hyperglycemic) or low (hypoglycemic) levels.
What does self-management mean for my diabetes?
You play a crucial role in the correct treatment of your diabetes . Check regularly your blood glucose levels, take your medicine on time as well as your insulin, think about every day what you eat , and move out regularly ; These are the essentials of your treatment.
We call self-management the independent and continuous control and updating of your values . It helps to keep your blood sugar stable and make you feel better. And, with the self-management of your diabetes, you can even be the main directors of your diabetes .
Testing yourself can be so easy with the Diabetes Checkpoint blue starter kit and it can help you get your blood sugar under control . In addition, a healthy lifestyle is important. A responsible diet and sufficient physical activity can reduce the potential for later complications.
Diabetes is a serious chronic disease that is triggered when the pancreas does not produceenough insulin or when the body can not use it.effectively crank the insulin it produces.It is a major public health problem and one of the four noncommunicable diseasesthat in recent decades has increased steadily the number of cases and their prevalence.