headache and sweating at night And what their causes are

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headache and sweating at night، Night sweats, also called night sweats, can have several causes and although it is not always to worry, in some cases it can indicate the presence of a disease. Therefore, it is important to observe in what situations it arises and if it is accompanied by other symptoms such as fever, chills or weight loss, for example, since it can indicate from a simple increase in the temperature of the environment or body during the night, as well as hormonal or metabolic alterations, infections, neurological diseases or even cancer.

headache and sweating at night

Hyperhidrosis, which is the excessive production of perspiration by the sweat glands, in a generalized form in the body or located in the hands, armpits, neck or legs, but which can occur at any time of the day, should not be forgotten.

As there are several causes that may cause the appearance of this symptom, whenever it arises persistently or intensely, it is important to talk with the family doctor or general practitioner to investigate the possible causes. Some of the main causes of night sweats are:

What is night sweating and what are its possible causes

1. Increase in body temperature
When the body temperature rises, either by the practice of physical activities, because the temperature of the environment is high, by the consumption of thermogenic foods such as pepper, ginger, alcohol and caffeine, by anxiety pictures or by the presence of a fever of infectious cause such as influenza, for example, perspiration arises as a way for the body to try to cool the body and regulate the temperature, preventing it from overheating.

However, if an obvious cause is not found and night sweats are exaggerated, it is important to remember that there are diseases that accelerate the metabolism such as hyperthyroidism, for example, so it should be discussed with the doctor to investigate the cause.

2. Menopause or SPM
In women there may be oscillations of hormones such as estrogen and progesterone, as usually occurs during menopause or in the premenstrual period, they are also able to increase the basal body temperature, which can cause heat and sweating, which can be nocturnal. This type of alteration is benign and tends to happen over time, however, if they are repetitive or very intense, you should talk to the gynecologist or the endocrinologist to better investigate the cause and find the best way to treat them as for example, hormone replacement therapy.

Men do not get rid of these symptoms, since around 20% of those over 50 can have andropause, also known as male menopause, which consists of falling testosterone levels, which can cause sweating nocturnal, in addition to heat, irritability, insomnia and decreased libido. It can also occur in men who are taking a treatment to reduce testosterone levels, such as in the case of a prostate tumor.

3. Infections
Some infections that can be acute or of chronic evolution, can cause sweating especially nocturnal, and some of the most common are:

Tuberculosis;
HIV;
Histoplasmosis;
Coccidioidomycosis;
Endocarditis;
Lung abscess
Generally, in addition to night sweats, these infections may be accompanied by fever, chills, weight loss, weakness or increased ganglia in the body. In the presence of these symptoms, it is important that the doctor perform an evaluation as soon as possible, to indicate the treatment according to the type of microorganism that is involved, and it may be necessary to use antibiotics, antifungals or antiretrovirals.

What is night sweating and what are its possible causes
4. Use of medications
Some medications can cause as a side effect the presence of night sweats, some examples are antipyretics such as AAS or Paracetamol, some antihypertensives and some antipsychotics.

In case a person who uses any of these drugs has episodes of night sweats, the use of the medication should not be interrupted, but should be discussed with the prescribing physician to evaluate other more common situations, before thinking about withdrawing the medication. medication or change it for another medication.

5. Diabetes
It is not common for people with diabetes treated with insulin to have episodes of hypoglycemia during the night or the beginning of the morning, and not because they do not feel it because they are sleeping, so the only thing that can be noticed is sweating.

To avoid this type of episodes, which are dangerous to health, it is important to talk with the doctor to evaluate the possibility of adjusting the dose or type of medication, and follow some tips such as:

Check blood glucose levels before sleep, because if it is too low should be corrected by making a healthy snack;
You should prefer physical activity during the day, and never skip dinner;
Avoid the consumption of alcoholic beverages at night.
Hypoglycemia causes night sweats because it activates body mechanisms that release hormones to make up for the lack of glucose, causing perspiration, paleness, dizziness, palpitations and nausea.

6. Sleep apnea
People with sleep apnea suffer from a decrease in the oxygenation of blood during the night, which causes the activation of the nervous system and can cause night sweats, in addition to increasing the likelihood of developing hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias and cardiovascular diseases .

This disease is a disturbance that causes a momentary stoppage of breathing or makes breathing very shallow during sleep, causing snoring and in a little relaxing sleep, causing symptoms of drowsiness during the day, difficulty concentrating, headache and irritability.

What is night sweating and what are its possible causes
7. Neurological diseases
Some people may have a problem at the level of the autonomic nervous system, which is responsible for the control of functions that do not depend on our will such as breathing, heartbeat, blood pressure, digestion or body temperature.

This type of disorder causes dysautonomia, and causes symptoms such as sweating, fainting, sudden fall in blood pressure, palpitations, blurred vision, dry mouth and intolerance to certain activities such as standing, getting up or walking for a long time.

Alterations in the autonomic nervous system can arise from various causes, mainly in neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s, multiple sclerosis, transverse myelitis (MT), Alzheimer’s, tumor or brain trauma, in addition to other genetic, cardiovascular or endocrine diseases.

8. Cancer
Some cancers such as lymphoma and leukemia can present as a frequent symptom and night sweats, in addition to weight loss, increased lymph nodes in the body, increased risk of bleeding and decreases the immune system. Sweating can also occur in neuroendocrine tumors such as pheochromocytoma or carcinoid tumor, which stimulate the release of hormones that activate the neurological response, causing palpitation, sweating, flushing of the face and high blood pressure, for example.

The treatment must be guided by the oncologist, and in some cases it may also have the endocrine orientation, with treatments that can range from surgery to chemotherapy or radiotherapy, depending on the type of tumor and the severity of the clinical picture.

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