Menstrual flooding..The period that passes between the first day of a rule and the first of the following rule is called the menstrual cycle. Our menstrual cycle is usually 28 days, but it is considered normal to last between 21 and 35. During the same, the body is prepared for a possible pregnancy.
The first two or three years of rule is normal cycles are somewhat irregular. After this period, the cycles tend to become more regular and, usually after the first delivery, the cycles tend to stabilize until they reach 40-45 years. From this age the cycles will again become irregular before the menopause period appears.
What happens to us throughout the month?
In a menstrual cycle of 28 days we can differentiate two parts of more or less 14 days each one of them. During these two phases you can go from decay to euphoria or sexual inapetence to a rise in libido. These changes are due to the cyclical variations of two hormones, estrogen and progesterone. Thanks to this hormonal activity the endometrium is desquamated every 28 days, with the rule appearing and regenerating later.
The first half of the cycle
From day 1 (first day of the rule) to 14. The most important event is the rule. It usually lasts about 5 days although it can range between 3 and 7 days. The amount of menstrual flow that is usually lost varies a lot from woman to woman. Generally, 70% of the losses occur during the first two days of the rule and in the last days, we observe how the amount of loss is decreasing.
From the first day of the period until about 14, the body is flooded with estrogen. During this phase the ovum has just matured and is expelled from the ovary. That expulsion is ovulation. The egg begins to move through the fallopian tube that leads to the uterus. Around these days, if a sperm fertilizes an egg and it attaches to the wall of the uterus, a pregnancy begins.
The first week , the defenses and energy suffer, while the rule frees us from the inconvenient liquid retention of the previous days. The last days of the rule are ideal to start a diet.
The second week is characterized by a tremendous increase in energy. Estrogens improve the quality of our skin and hair. Hyperactivity is reflected in the fact that we tire less and perform more. Ovulation is close and the libido goes off. During these days it is easier to get excited and reach orgasm.
The second half of the cycle
From the 15th to the 28th. During this second phase the changes that take place suppose the appearance of a certain state of weakness. During this period there is an increase in progesterone that begins 2 or 3 days after ovulation.
The third week of the menstrual cycle, progesterone produces nervousness, dries the skin and encourages us to eat more. You have to take advantage of these days to try to burn more adrenaline, to reassure us, going to the gym or practicing our favorite sport. Until the rule comes, progesterone takes over our body.
The fourth week and the last week of the cycle, the premenstrual syndrome can cause anguish and physical decay. The accumulation of fluids can cause us to gain weight and cause some digestive discomfort such as feeling of heaviness, swelling, nausea or constipation.
Fortunately the arrival of the rule entails the disappearance of these discomforts, which is a relief. The rule is the starting point of the next cycle … unless you get pregnant!
What are the fertile days?
In fact, every day of the cycle can be fertile, including the days of the rule, since ovulation can vary from one woman to another, and even from one cycle to another. Even so, there are some days in which women are more likely to get pregnant.
When the menstrual cycle is 28 days, the most normal thing is that ovulation occurs, as we have said, towards day 14 of the cycle. The most fertile days include the 3 or 4 days before and 3 or 4 days after the day of ovulation, that is, between 10 and 19 days of the cycle.
Menstruation is the loss of blood through the vagina in a period that lasts from 3 to 8 days. The first menstruation occurs at puberty on average at 12 years of age, and from there, it must arise every month until menopause, which occurs around 50 years of age.
In pregnancy, menstruation does not occur, however the woman may have a small bleeding for 1 or 2 days, mainly at the beginning of pregnancy, and is pink or brown, type “coffee eraser”.
See which day your menstruation should return by placing the data below:
1. Is it possible to get pregnant during menstruation?
TRUTH . Despite being difficult, it is still possible to get pregnant by having intimate contact while you are menstruating. This happens because the hormonal production can vary in each woman, and ovulation can occur even during the menstrual period.
2. Is washing hair with menstruation bad or increases the flow?
MYTH . Washing your hair has nothing to do with menstruation, so you can take a quiet shower and stay in the shower as long as you want (but remember that it is important to save water).
10 Myths and Truths about Menstruation
3. Do hygienic tampons or menstrual cup take away virginity?
It DEPENDS . In general, hygienic tampons whose size is the smallest, when placed in the correct way, do not break the woman’s hymen. However, the hymen can break more easily with the use of the menstrual cup, it is important to take this into consideration before buying it.
The most advisable thing is always to talk with the gynecologist to evaluate what is the best option for each woman, and remember that in reality virginity is only lost when you have real intimate contact.
4. Do women who live together or in close proximity tend to menstruate together?
TRUTH . As hormonal production depends on routine factors such as diet and stress, women who spend a lot of time together tend to go through the same external factors that influence the menstrual cycle, which ends up causing hormonal production and the time of menstruation be similar to each other.
5. Does walking barefoot worsen belly pain?
MYTH . Although the ground is cold, walking barefoot does not worsen belly pain. Probably what happens is that walking on the cold floor is more an annoyance for those who have pain, giving the impression that menstrual cramps worsened.
6. SPM does not exist, it is just an excuse for women.
MYTH . The SPM is real and occurs due to the large hormonal oscillations that occur during the menstrual cycle, causing symptoms such as irritability, fatigue and abdominal swelling, which vary in intensity according to each woman.