Obesity in college students ..Introduction: Overweight, obesity and physical inactivity are considered modifiable factors associated with the development of chronic diseases. Taking into account the physical activity patterns of the university population, it is necessary to establish their association with excess weight, in order to prevent and reduce the prevalence of chronic diseases in the future.
obesity in college students
Objectives: To determine the association between excess weight and physical activity in undergraduate university students.
Material and methods:An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in students from a private university in Bucaramanga, Colombia in 2013. 306 students between 18 and 25 years were included through a simple random sampling. An interview type survey was applied that included sociodemographic variables and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Then, the assessment of body composition (height, weight, body mass index (BMI), percentage of total body fat, waist and hip circumference) was performed.
A professional in physical culture, sports and recreation was in charge of gathering information and making the measurements, who was duly trained and trained. This study was approved by a Research Committee and informed written consent was requested.
Results: Overweight was determined in 26.47% of the students, with a prevalence of overweight of 20.26% and obesity of 6.21% according to their BMI. In 12.09% of the students, their percentage of total body fat was at the limit and in 10.13% they indicated obesity. In 50.56% the level of physical activity per week is low and the median number of hours at rest per day was 12 hours, with an interquartile range of 4 hours. A statistically significant association was found between excess weight determined by percentage of total body fat and sedentary lifestyle with an adjusted OR of 1.11 (95% CI 1.01 – 1.23).
Conclusions:No statistically significant association was found with BMI and physical activity, however there was an association with the percentage of total body fat and sedentary lifestyle. This can be explained because most epidemiological studies have used the BMI as a method of assessing body composition, however, it does not differentiate between the weight associated with muscle and weight associated with fat, an argument that could be explaining what was found in the present study.
Introduction: Overweight, obesity and physical activity are considered modifiable factors related to the development of chronic diseases. Taking into account physical activity patterns in college students, it is necessary to establish their association with the excessive weight in order to prevent and decrease the prevalence of future chronic diseases.
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the association between excessive weight and physical inactivity among students.
Material and methods:An analytical cross sectional study was carried out in 2013 among college students from a private university in Bucaramanga, Colombia. Students (n = 306) 18 to 25 years old were included using simple random sampling. An interview was conducted using a survey that included the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), together with socio demographic variables.
An assessment of body composition was made in order to measure height, weight, body mass index (BMI), total fat percentage, and waist and hip circumferences. A trained professional in physical activity was in charge of data collection and anthropometric measurements.
This study was approved by the university research and ethics committee. Participation was both voluntary and anonymous. All data were analyzed in compliance with the Helsinki Declaration. Written consent was signed by every participant of the study. A descriptive analysis of the studied population’s general characteristics was realized. The association between excess weight and physical inactivity was estimated using regression logistic models that allows to estimate row and adjusted Odds Ratios (OR).
Results: An excess weight was observed in 26.47% of the students, among which 20.26% were overweight and 6.21% obese, according to BMI cutoff. Taking into account the total fat percentage, 12.09% of the students were in risk of becoming obese and 10.13% were already obese. 50.56% of the students practiced very little weekly physical activity.
The median of daily sedentary lifestyle was 12 hours, with an interquartile range of 4 hours. A statistically significant association was found between excessive weight and sedentary behavior, according to the total fat method (adjusted OR: 1.11, CI 95%: 1.01-1.23).
Conclusions:College students ?? health behavior is often inadequate in terms of physical activity and dietary habits. Our study observed an association between physical inactivity and excessive weight. Physical inactivity is an important lifestyle factor related to chronic diseases. Further research should focus on determinants to increase their physical activity and to improve their daily lifestyle in order to lower the risk of future diseases.
everal studies have shown that health professionals stigmatize the obesity, even those who dedicate their work to the attention of the obese patient. It is possible that these negative beliefs have to do with the attribution of causes of obesity, that is, whether the obese person is supposed to have or notresponsibility for his condition.
The purpose of the present work was to examinenarrate beliefs about the causes of obesity of two groups of students of Psychology: 83 from a Mexican university and 77 from a Spanish universityñola. The results show that participants recognized that obesityis caused by multiple factors, but tended to point to the obese individual As responsible. These data suggest that even this sector of professionalsthey assume the so-called “guilt ideology”, which could explain the stigmati-that is made of obesity