Obesity is rising at the fastest rate in which of the following countries?
Obesity is rising at the fastest rate in which of the following countries?..For many people, the taco country, the quesadillas and the huaraches is also the nation with the highest rates of obesity in the world.
obesity is rising at the fastest rate in which of the following countries?
In fact, recently, in an interview with the BBC Today program, Dr. Michael Mosley said something for style, when referring to the tax on sugary drinks approved by the Mexican government in 2014 to combat the growing obesity problem.
But was he right?
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The impressive increase in overweight and obesity in Latin America
The data verification team of the BBC ( Reality Check ) was given the task of finding out and this was what he found.
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A possible answer can be found by comparing the rates of obesity around the world, as measured by a person’s body mass index (BMI).
An obese person is defined as someone with a high proportion of body fat and a BMI of more than 30.
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), composed of 35 countries, conducted a study on this topic in 2015.
They calculated the BMI in different countries using height and weight estimates through surveys and “measured” data during health examinations.
In the Latin American country, obesity rates are higher among women than men, for an average of 19.5%, according to the OECD report.
The long-term projections for that nation suggest that obesity levels will increase until 2030, as it also happens in other countries such as the United States, England, Canada, France and Spain.
The rest of the world
A few years ago, the World Health Organization (WHO) and Imperial College London conducted another study on obesity in 200 countries.
They found that the region with the highest rate of obesity among adults was in American Samoa, followed by other islands in the South Pacific.
Mexico occupies ba place 40 and US 30.
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Overweight in Latin America has increased in recent years.
The study gathered surveys of health ministries to produce estimates of obesity levels.
However, although American Samoa and the Cook Islands have a higher proportion of obese people, they have very small populations, so they do not account for much of the total number of obese people in the world, according to the research.
In 2014, more than half of the population with obesity problems lived in 10 countries, including Mexico, the United States, China, Brazil and Germany.
What about the children?
The number of obese children and adolescents (from five to 19 years old) grew rapidly in the last four decades, according to WHO.
The island of Nauru has the highest rate of obese children: it increased from 16.4% to 33.4% between 1975 and 2016.
In Mexico, on the other hand, approximately 13% of children are obese and 35% are classified as overweight.
Outside the Polynesian and Micronesian islands, the countries with the highest rates of overweight children and adolescents include the United States, Kuwait and Egypt.
Meanwhile, some of the biggest increases in the number of obese and overweight children and adolescents are in China.
Between 2006 and 2016, the rate of overweight children in that Asian country almost doubled, although at a very low level.
Cambodia, Burkina Faso and Vietnam have the least obese populations in the world, according to the study.
Obesity is often presented as a Western problem and malnutrition as typical of poorer countries.
But the reality is much more complex. Nine out of 10 countries are trapped in a health epidemic known as the “double burden” : this means that overweight and undernourished people live side by side.
The unprecedented availability of unhealthy foods, office jobs and the expansion of means of transport and the use of television are some of the causes.
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Often this double burden occurs not only within the same community , but also within the same family.
This apparent paradox affects more and more countries in South Africa, but also in Latin America .It can even happen to him same person . Sometimes you can be overweight but lack vital nutrients.
There is also the phenomenon “thin fat”, when people seem to have a healthy weight but actually have large amounts of hidden fat.
In reality, every country in the world is struggling with nutrition problems of some kind.
The number of people suffering from chronic food deprivation reached 815 million in 2016. This is an increase of 5% in two years.
Much of the increase occurred in Africa, where 20% of people are undernourished.
Meanwhile, obesity rates have tripled in the last 40 years. Worldwide, more than 600 million adults are obese, while 1,900 million are overweight.
The rate of obese people in developing countries is reaching the developed world .
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The highest rates of childhood obesity can be found in Micronesia, the Middle East and the Caribbean. And since 2000, the number of obese children in Africa has doubled.
In many countries children have a diet that does not meet their needs .
In South Africa, almost one in three children is overweight or obese, while another third is underweight.
In Brazil, 36% of girls are overweight or obese, while 16% weigh too little.
Mexico and Chile have a problem similar to Brazil.
More money to spend
Changes in lifestyle are partly responsible for this double burden of obesity and malnutrition.
Many middle and lower income countries, such as India and Brazil, have a new middle class with more money.
This means that many people reject their traditional foods and now ingest a large amount of Western products high in sugars, fats and meat,
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People who are overweight and undernourished live side by side.
In some countries this has also happened as people move from the countryside to the city, where there is much more variety of food.
For example, a study of young children in China revealed that obesity rates in the countryside were 10%, while the malnutrition rate was 21%. In cities, 17% of children were obese, while 14% were malnourished.
Although many people’s diets may be higher in calories, it has very few vitamins and minerals.
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Professor Ranjan Yajnik, a diabetes specialist in Pune, India, states that this diet change has a major effect on children.
“Normally, diabetes is considered a disease that older and more obese peopl33e have,” he says. “But in India we’re seeing it in younger people and with a lower body mass index .”
According to Professor Yajnik, Indians increasingly consume less nutrient-rich foods and get more calories from junk food. “Many people who look thin actually have large amounts of hidden fat.”
Hidden or visceral fat accumulates around the internal organs, including the liver. High levels of visceral fat may increase the risk of type 2 diabetes and heart disease , even if the carrier does not appear to be overweight.