Pcos with normal periods..Although the exact cause of PCOS is not known, there are several factors that are associated with the condition. It connects closely to hormone levels such as insulin and testosterone, but it is not without obstruction if this is a cause or effect of the condition. In addition, it appears to be executed in some families, which suggests that there may be a genetic link in the pathogenesis of the condition.
pcos with normal periods
Signs and symptoms
The signs and symptoms of PCOS are usually evident in adolescent years around the age of menarche, the first menstrual period. Symptoms may include
Irregular or absent menstrual periods
Excessive hair growth on the face, chest, back, or buttocks
Reducing or lowering the hair of the cylinder head
Oily skin and acne
Dark or thickened skin on the neck, arms, breasts, and thighs
Anxiety and depression
However, some women may not report PCOS symptoms until they want to start a family and have difficulty getting pregnant.
Women with PCOS are more likely to develop other health conditions later in life, for example
There is no vulcanization for PCOS. However, there are several management strategies that can help reduce the impact of symptoms and the likelihood of complications later in life.
First, it is important that women with PCOS focus on a healthy lifestyle with a nutritious diet and sufficient physical activity, determined if they are fat or obese. This is important because excessive body weight can increase insulin resistance in the body and precipitate or worsen PCOS symptoms.
Medications are available to manage specific symptoms, such as hirsutism and irregular menstrual periods. For example, oral contraceptive pills can help normalize hormone levels and allow women with PCOS to have a regular period. This is also useful to shed the endometrial lining and reduce the risk of endometrial cancer later in life.
For women with PCOS who want to conceive a child, medications such as clomifene can help to encourage ovulation and allow a woman to become pregnant. However, some women may require laparoscopic ovarian perforation (LOD), which is a surgical procedure to destroy abnormal cells in the ovaries, or in vitro fertilization (IVF) to conceive.
The exact number of women with PCOS is not known, as some women with the condition may not seek medical advice about mild symptoms. However, it is estimated that PCOS can affect between 1 in 5 women, although many affected women are asymptomatic.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
What is polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS, by its acronym in English)?
Polycystic ovary syndrome (also called PCOS, polycystic ovarian syndrome or Stein Leventhal syndrome) is the reproductive and hormonal problem that most often affects women of childbearing age. It is estimated that about 5 percent of women suffer from this disorder.
Illustration of a polycystic ovary
PCOS is defined by the presence of any combination of two of these characteristics:
Absence of ovulation for an extended period.
Elevated levels of androgens (male hormones).
Large amount of small cysts (sachets filled with fluid) in the ovaries.
What are the causes of PCOS?
The exact causes of PCOS are still unknown. Although PCOS is usually diagnosed in sisters or mother and daughter, a definitive genetic link has not yet been established.
PCOS is the result of a combination of several related factors. Many women with PCOS have insulin resistance, which is when the body can not use insulin efficiently. This leads to high levels of insulin in the blood that circulates through the body, a condition called hyperinsulinemia. Hyperinsulinemia seems to be related to high levels of androgen, and obesity and type 2 diabetes. In turn, obesity can increase insulin levels, and this can aggravate PCOS.
What effect does PCOS have on ovulation?
Anatomy of the female pelvic area
Click on the image to enlarge
Ovulation is the process in which the mature ovum, that is, ready to be fertilized by a sperm, leaves one of the ovaries (two female reproductive organs located in the pelvis). If the ovum is not fertilized as it passes through the fallopian tubes to reach the uterus, the endometrium (lining of the uterus) breaks off and is eliminated through the vagina (a tube through which fluid leaves the body during menstrual periods). which is also called the birth canal), in a process called menstruation.
When there is an ovulatory dysfunction, the woman’s reproductive system does not produce the right amounts of the hormones necessary to develop, mature and release a healthy ovum.
When the ovaries do not produce the hormones necessary for ovulation and the proper functioning of the menstrual cycle, the ovaries increase in size and small cysts that produce androgens form.
Elevated levels of androgens can also interfere with ovulation and normal menstrual cycles. Some women with polycystic ovaries have normal menstrual cycles.