Pcos with regular periods..Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a problem in which a woman’s hormones are unbalanced. It can cause problems with your menstrual periods and make it difficult for you to get pregnant. PCOS can also cause unwanted changes in your appearance. If left untreated, it can eventually lead to serious health problems, such as diabetes and heart disease.
pcos with regular periods
Most women with PCOS grow small cysts in the ovaries. That is why it is called polycystic ovarian syndrome. Cysts are not harmful, but they lead to hormonal imbalances.
Early diagnosis and treatment can help control symptoms and prevent long-term problems.
What are hormones and what happens in PCOS?
Hormones are chemical messengers that trigger many different processes, including growth and energy production. In many cases, the function of a hormone is to indicate the secretion of another hormone.
For reasons that are not well understood, in PCOS, hormones become unbalanced. One hormonal change triggers another, which, in turn, triggers another. For example:
The sex hormones become unbalanced. Normally, the ovaries produce a tiny amount of male hormones (androgens). With PCOS, they begin to produce slightly more androgens. This could cause you to stop ovulating, have acne and get more facial and body hair.
The body may have difficulty taking advantage of insulin, which is called insulin resistance. When the body does not take advantage of insulin, it raises the blood sugar level. Over time, that increases the chances of having diabetes.
What causes PCOS?
The cause of PCOS is not fully understood, but genes can be a factor. PCOS appears to be hereditary, so you are more likely to have it if another woman in your family has it or if you have irregular periods or diabetes. PCOS can be transmitted on both the mother’s and the father’s side.
What are the symptoms?
The symptoms tend to be mild at first. You may have only a few symptoms or many. The most common symptoms are:
Weight gain and difficulty to lower it.
Increased hair on the face and body. Women often have thicker, darker facial hair and more hair on their chest, abdomen and back.
The hair becomes thinner on the scalp.
Irregular menstrual periods. Many women with PCOS have fewer than nine periods a year. Some women do not have periods. Others have very heavy bleeding.
Fertility problems Many women with PCOS have difficulty getting pregnant (sterility).
How is PCOS diagnosed?
To diagnose PCOS, the doctor:
He will ask about your health history, your symptoms and your menstrual cycles.
You will have a physical exam to look for signs of PCOS, such as increased body hair and high blood pressure. The doctor will also check your height and weight to see if you have a healthy body mass index (BMI).
You will have a series of laboratory tests to check your blood sugar, insulin, and the level of other hormones. Hormonal tests help rule out thyroid problems or other glands that may cause similar symptoms.
You could also do an ultrasound of the pelvis to detect cysts in the ovaries. Your doctor may tell you that you have PCOS without an ultrasound, but this test will help rule out other problems.
How is it treated?
Regular exercise, healthy eating and weight control are key to the treatment of PCOS. Treatment can reduce unpleasant symptoms and help prevent long-term health problems.
Try to do moderate activity or vigorous activity often. Walking is an excellent exercise that most people can do.
Eat healthy foods for the heart. This includes plenty of vegetables, fruits, nuts, beans and whole grains. Limit foods rich in saturated fats, such as meats, cheeses and fried foods.
It is beneficial for most women with PCOS to lose weight. Losing even 10 pounds (4.5 kg) may help balance hormones and regulate the menstrual cycle.
If you smoke, consider stopping. Women who smoke have higher levels of androgen, which can contribute to PCOS symptoms. Note 1
The doctor may also prescribe birth control pills to reduce symptoms, metformin to help her have regular menstrual cycles, or fertility drugs, if you are having trouble getting pregnant.
It is important that you see your doctor for follow-up, to make sure the treatment is working and adjust