Polycystic ovary syndrome acne treatment And their relationship
Polycystic ovary syndrome acne treatment..Cecilia never worried that her menstrual periods were not regular because, like many girls, she took it for granted that her menstrual cycle would take some time to regularize. But, when she stopped having menstruation for several months in a row, she went to see her doctor.
polycystic ovary syndrome acne treatment
Her doctor saw that Cecilia’s acne had worsened and that she had gained a lot of weight since her last visit. She told Cecilia that she wanted to know if she had a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome .
What is a polycystic ovarian syndrome?
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a frequent health problem that can affect both adolescents and older women. Although its causes are not known, it seems to be related to hormonal imbalances.
Both girls and boys make sex hormones, but in different amounts. In girls, the ovaries make the hormones estrogen and progesterone , as well as androgens . These hormones regulate the menstrual cycle, as well as ovulation (the time when the egg is released). Although androgens are sometimes referred to as “male hormones,” all women manufacture them.
In girls with polycystic ovarian syndrome, the ovaries produce higher amounts of androgens than normal and this can interfere with the development and release of the ovule. Sometimes, instead of the formation and maturation of ovules, cysts develop in the ovaries, which are small pockets filled with fluid that can increase in size. Since girls with polycystic ovary syndrome do not ovulate or release an ovule every month, it is common for them to have irregular periods or not to have menstruation.
Although polycystic ovary syndrome (formerly called “Stein-Leventhal syndrome”) was first identified in the 1930s, doctors still do not know its causes with certainty. Research suggests that it may be related to an increase in the manufacture of insulin in the body. Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome may be able to produce too much insulin, which stimulates their ovaries to release an excess of male hormones. Polycystic ovary syndrome seems to occur in families, so if you have a relative of yours, you may be inclined to develop it.
If the polycystic ovarian syndrome is not treated in an appropriate way, it can expose those affected to many problems. Girls who suffer from it are prone to infertility, excessive growth of body hair, acne, obesity, diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, abnormal uterine bleeding and cancer.
The good news is that, although polycystic ovarian syndrome has no cure, it can be treated. The most important step is to diagnose it, because receiving adequate treatment reduces the likelihood that those affected will develop serious problems.
What are the signs and symptoms?
A key symptom of polycystic ovarian syndrome is having irregular menstrual periods or missed menstruation, because the consequences of this condition on the ovaries can stop ovulation.
However, since a girl can take up to two years to have regular menstrual periods since her first menstruation, it can be very difficult to recognize this symptom in adolescents. The hormonal imbalance of this syndrome can trigger changes throughout the body, not only in the ovaries.
Therefore, doctors look at these other signs that may also indicate the presence of this syndrome:
Very strong (or copious) or irregular periods.
Weight gain, obesity or difficulty maintaining a normal weight, especially when the weight is concentrated around the waist.
A condition called hirsutism , where the girl has excess hair on her face, chest, abdomen, nipple area or back (anyway, having a little hair in these areas is a completely normal feature in many girls).
Loss of hair on the head (doctors call it alopecia).
Acne and clogged pores.
Darkening and thickening of the skin around the neck, armpits or breasts (condition called acanthosis pigmentosa ).
Hypertension, high cholesterol or diabetes (high blood sugar).
Girls who present early signs of puberty, such as the development of pubic or underarm hair before age eight, have an increased risk of developing a polycystic ovary syndrome later on.
How is it diagnosed?
If you have consulted your symptoms with your doctor, you are on the right track. He may refer you to a gynecologist or an endocrinologist for a diagnosis.
The gynecologist or endocrinologist will ask you about any symptoms or concerns you may have, your health in the past, your family’s, the medications you take, the allergies you have and other issues.
It will also ask you many specific questions about your menstrual period and its irregularities. This will allow you to have your medical history .
Apart from asking about your medical history, the doctor will perform a physical examination , which will include weighing yourself and evaluating some specific signs, such as acne, hair growth and darkening of the skin.
You may have a gynecological exam to rule out other possible causes of your symptoms, but this is not always necessary to make the diagnosis.
The doctor may also ask you for a blood test to diagnose polycystic ovary syndrome or other conditions, such as problems with the thyroid, ovaries, or other glands.
Blood tests allow measuring the levels of androgens, insulin and other hormones. The results of these tests can help doctors determine the type of treatment you should receive.
The doctor can also request an ultrasound to see your ovaries and determine if you have cysts or other abnormalities. But, since cysts can not always be seen, this test is not always used.
The diagnosis and early treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome are fundamental, because this condition exposes those affected to the risk of developing long-term problems.
Receiving proper treatment is also very important if you want to have a baby in the future, as this condition usually causes infertility if left untreated. But, when treated properly, many women who have it have completely healthy babies.
Also, many girls with polycystic ovary syndrome can get pregnant. If you have sex, you need to use condoms every time so you do not get pregnant or get sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). This is very important, regardless of whether or not you have a polycystic ovary syndrome.