rash and diarrhea : Every person, every so often, has diarrhea: more frequent bowel movements with soft and liquid stools. In most cases, the diarrhea lasts a couple of days. However, if diarrhea persists for weeks, it can indicate a serious disorder, such as a persistent infection, an inflammatory bowel disease, or a less serious condition, such as irritable bowel syndrome.
symptom of diarrhea
Signs and symptoms associated with diarrhea may include:
- Soft, watery stools
- Abdominal cramps
- Abdominal pain
- Blood in the stool
- Urgent need to evacuate the intestines
When to consult with the doctor
If you are an adult, check with your doctor if:
- Diarrhea continues after 2 days
- You get dehydrated
- You have severe pain in the abdominal or rectal area
- You have blood in your stool or very dark stools
- You have a fever above 102 ° F (39 ° C)
Causes of diarrhea
Various diseases and conditions can cause diarrhea, including the following:
- Different viruses. Viruses that can cause diarrhea include norovirus, cytomegalovirus and hepatitis virus. Rotavirus is a frequent cause of acute infantile diarrhea.
- Bacteria and parasites. Through contaminated food and contaminated water, bacteria and parasites are transmitted. Parasites, such as Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium, can cause diarrhea.
Bacteria that frequently cause diarrhea include Campylobacter, Salmonella, Shigella, and Escherichia coli. When one travels to developing countries and has diarrhea caused by bacteria and parasites, the phenomenon is often called “traveler’s diarrhea.” Clostridium difficile infection may occur, especially after taking a course of antibiotics.
- Medicines. Many medications, such as antibiotics, can cause diarrhea. Antibiotics destroy good and bad bacteria, which can upset the natural balance of bacteria in the intestines. Anti-cancer drugs and antacids that contain magnesium can also cause diarrhea.
- Lactose intolerance Lactose is a form of sugar found in milk and other dairy products. People who have difficulty digesting lactose experience diarrhea if they eat dairy products.
The body makes an enzyme that helps digest lactose, but in most people, the level of this enzyme decreases rapidly after childhood. As a consequence, the risk of having lactose intolerance increases as one grows.
- Fructose. Fructose, a form of sugar that is found naturally in fruits and honey, and added as a sweetener to some beverages, can cause diarrhea in people with problems digesting it.
- Artificial sweeteners. Sorbitol and mannitol, artificial sweeteners found in chewing gums and other sugar-free products, can cause diarrhea in people without other diseases.
- Surgery. Some people have diarrhea after having undergone abdominal surgery or surgery to remove the gallbladder.
- Other digestive disorders Chronic diarrhea has many other causes, such as Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, celiac disease, microscopic colitis, and irritable bowel syndrome.
Definition of rash on skin
- A red or pink rash over a large part of the body (extensive rash)
- Sometimes it can only be on the hands, feet or buttocks, but it is the same on both sides
- The rash may be small or large spots or welts, or a completely red area of skin
Extensive Rash or Redness Causes
- Viral rash Most rashes are part of a viral illness. Viral rashes usually have small pink spots and occur on both sides of the chest, abdomen and back. It is also possible that the child has a fever with diarrhea or cold symptoms. They last 2 or 3 days. They are more common in summer.
- Roseola. This is the most common viral rash in the first 3 years. (See details below).
- Chickenpox. Viral rash with a characteristic shape. See the corresponding Care Guide.
- Viral exanthema of hands, feet and mouth. Viral rash with a characteristic shape. It starts with small red spots and blisters on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. See the corresponding Care Guide.
- Scarlet fever . Scarlet fever is a red rash that spreads throughout the body. It is a consequence of streptococcal bacteria. It begins in the upper part of the chest and extends rapidly into the abdomen. It is not more serious than strep throat without a rash.
- Rash from medications. Most cases of rash that begin while you are taking antibiotics are viral rash. Only 10% turn out to be due to medications. (see details below)
- Urticaria. Pink streaks with white center. Urticaria hives look like mosquito bites. Rashes with hives and itching are usually hives. Most cases of urticaria are due to a virus.) Urticaria can also be an allergic reaction. (See the corresponding Care Guide for more details)
- Heat rash . A rash of pink, very small welts, caused by excess heat. It occurs mostly in the neck, chest and upper back.
- Insect bites . Mosquito bites cause small red welts. The bites of flying insects can cause many welts on exposed skin. The bites of non-flying insects usually cause only localized wheals.
- Rash by jacuzzi . It causes small painful and itchy red welts. It occurs mostly on the skin covered by the swimsuit. The rash begins between 12 and 48 hours after bathing in a jacuzzi. The cause is the accumulation of bacteria in hot tubs.
- The petechia Rash (Serious) . The petechiae are small purplish purples or red dots. They come from bleeding on the skin. Dispersed petechiae with fever are caused by meningococcemia until proven otherwise. This is a bacterial infection that threatens the life of the blood circulation. The maximum age is 3 to 6 months of age. Unlike most pink rashes, petechiae do not clear when pressed.
- Purple (severe) . Purple is a rash that has purple or dark red spots caused by skin bleeds. The extensive purple is always a medical emergency. Its cause may be a bacterial infection in the bloodstream, such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
- Blisters rash (severe) Extensive blisters on the skin are a serious symptom. The cause may be an infection, or medication. An example is Stevens Johnson syndrome.
- Warning. All extensive rashes with fever should be examined and diagnosed. Reason: There are certain serious infections that can cause this type of rash.
edications and Rashes
- Prescription medications can sometimes cause extensive rashes. Some may be allergic but most are not.
- Over-the-counter medications do not usually cause rashes.
- Most rashes that occur while taking over the counter medications are caused by a virus.
- Anti-fever medications (acetaminophen and ibuprofen) are often mistaken for the cause of the rash. Reason: Most viral rashes start with fever, so the child is taking fever medication when the rash starts.
- Rashes from medications can not be diagnosed over the phone.
Roseola – A Classic Rash
- Most children have roseola sometime between 6 months and 3 years of age.
- Rash: Pink spots, small and flat on the chest and stomach. Then it extends towards the face.
- Normal evolution: 2 or 3 days of high fever without a rash or any other symptom.
- The rash begins 12 to 24 hours after the fever has disappeared.
- The rash lasts 1 to 3 days.
- When the rash appears, the child already feels well.
- Treatment: This rash is harmless and no creams or medications are needed.
Localized Rash or Extensive Rash: How to Decide
- Localized means that the rash occurs only in a small part of the body. Usually this type of rash usually appears on only one side of the body, for example on one foot. Exceptions: Athlete’s foot can occur on both feet. Insect bites can be in different parts.
- Extensive means that the rash occurs in large areas, for example on both legs or across the entire back. It can also mean that it is spread over most of the surface of the body. Large rashes always occur on both sides of the body. Many rashes due to viral infection occur in the chest, abdomen and back.
- The cause of an extensive rash is usually present in the blood. For example, rashes caused by viruses, bacteria, toxins and allergies to certain foods or medications.
- The cause of a localized rash is usually only contact with the skin, for example certain chemicals, allergens, insect bites, ringworm fungi, bacteria or irritants.
- For all that, it is important to make the distinction between both types of rash.