seasonal allergy headache : Diagnosis, Signs and symptoms
Why is there sinus pain?
The sinuses are hollow spaces communicated with the nose to allow the circulation of air and mucus. They are on the inside of the cheeks, behind the eyes and the bridge of the nose. Normally, secretions from the sinuses are drained through the nose.
Headaches occur when the sinuses are inflamed and the openings that communicate with the nose are blocked, interrupting the drainage. This causes the accumulation of mucus to cause an increase in pressure that causes pain.
Often the pain is located in the affected breast, and that is why it is possible that the pain is more of a facial type than of a head in the strict sense.
Sometimes they can become infected and cause more serious symptoms
Your doctor will help you determine the source of the problem and find the best treatment to alleviate it.
The most frequent headaches related to allergy are:
- Sinus headache – Sinus headaches, also called “sinus headaches” are headaches that are perceived as sinus infection (sinusitis). It is common for the patient to feel pressure around the eyes, on the cheeks and on the forehead. It is also possible that a heartbeat is experienced in the head. In people with seasonal allergy headache may occur due to the reaction in the sinuses. A medical examination and testing can solve these problems in most cases. It is important to consult with our doctor, since sinusitis could be a disease that requires antibiotic treatment and is not directly related to allergy.The symptoms are the following:
Pain, pressure and heaviness in the cheeks, eyelids, eyebrows and forehead.
The pain tends to get worse if the person leans forward or lies down.
Pain in the upper teeth.
- Migraine – recurrent and intense headache, located on one side of the head. It has NO relationship with allergy
Allergy and migraine
The relationship between allergy and headaches has traditionally been a controversial topic, even for experts in the field. Many people who suffer from migraine attribute their symptoms to reactions to certain foods, such as a food allergy.
It has been seen that most of the foods that have to do with migraine contain substances that act on the blood vessels and contribute to trigger the migraine or make it worse. This situation does not constitute an allergic reaction.
Different studies on migraine and its potential relationship with allergy (for example, with the observation of cells of the immune system), have not been able to establish a relationship between these two conditions.
Some patients with migraine may experience nasal congestion or sinus symptoms as part of the migraine attack. These symptoms should not be confused with sinus headaches, but diagnosed and treated like migraines.
Headache related to allergy
Pain that is concentrated in the sinus area is an uncommon symptom of headache from inflammation of the sinuses, when spring allergy is complicated, and tends to cause concentrated pain in one area of the face rather than in the face. head.
- Factors that trigger headaches of allergic origin:
- Nasal or sinus congestion.
- Nasal polyposis
This whenever there is a relationship with the contact with the allergen (pollens, skin of animals, food or medicines, among others):
- Management and treatment of allergy headache:
- For all headaches, identify the triggers and avoid them.
- To relieve headaches, make changes in your environment and habits.
- Consult with an allergist.
The first method for the management of spring headaches or pollen allergies is to avoid the triggering factors.
- Stay inside whenever possible, when triggers-such as high pollen concentrations-are at their peak. This usually happens midmorning and in the early afternoon.
- Try to wear sunglasses outdoors to reduce the amount of pollen that comes in contact with the eyes.
- Keep the windows closed and turn to air conditioning at home and in the car. The air conditioning equipment must be kept clean.
- Scrub floors instead of sweeping them.
Many of the allergens that trigger allergy headaches, such as pollen allergy, are in the air, so it is very difficult to avoid them.
Talk to your doctor about your symptoms to determine what will be the best treatment for you. The allergist can find out what is the specific cause of the allergy and help treat the symptoms. Treatment strategies include avoidance of specific allergens, medication and immunotherapy – vaccines against allergies.
About seasonal allergy
It is the third sneezing attack of your morning’s child and, while you are holding out another tissue, you wonder if these catarrhal symptoms (sneezing, nasal congestion and discharge) have anything to do with the recent change of season. If your child develops similar symptoms each year at the same time, it is most likely that you are right and that it is a seasonal allergy.
The seasonal allergy , sometimes called “hay fever” or “seasonal allergic rhinitis”, presents with allergic symptoms that occur during certain seasons, usually when the outdoor mold releases spores and plants (trees, shrubs and grasses) they release tiny particles of pollen into the air to fertilize other plants.
The immune systems of people allergic to mold spores and / or pollen treat these particles (called allergens) as if they were invasive and release chemicals, such as histamine, into the bloodstream to defend against them. It is the release of these chemicals that causes the allergic symptoms.
The pollen count measures the amount of pollen in the air, so it can help people who are allergic to know how bad their symptoms might be on a given day. Pollen concentrations are usually higher in the morning and on warm, dry and windy days and lower on cold and wet days. Although not always accurate, pollen counts that facilitate local weather forecasts can help plan outdoor activities.
People can be allergic to one or more types of pollen and / or mold. The specific type of pollen to which a person is allergic will determine when their symptoms will appear. For example, in the states of the central part of the US Atlantic, trees pollinate between February and the end of May, pollen from grass and grass is released between May and the end of June and pollen from the bad herbs, between August and the end of October, so that children suffering from this type of allergy are more likely to have more intense symptoms at this time of year. And mold spores tend to reach their maximum levels between mid-summer and late fall, depending on the location.
Even a child who has never had a seasonal allergy can develop it. Seasonal allergies can be started almost any time in a person’s life, although they usually develop when the person is about 10 years old. They usually reach their maximum expression at the beginning of the second decade of life and allergic symptoms usually disappear in later stages of adult life.
Signs and symptoms
If your child develops a “cold” every year at the same time, it is quite likely that it is a seasonal allergy. Allergy symptoms, which usually appear suddenly and last while the person continues to be exposed to their allergen in particular, include the following:
- itchy nose and / or throat
- nasal congestion
- watery nasal discharge
These symptoms are usually accompanied by ocular itching and watery and / or red eyes, which is called allergic conjunctivitis. If your child also has wheezing, wheezing, and a choking sensation, your allergy may have turned into asthma.
Seasonal allergies are fairly easy to identify because their symptoms reappear year after year after exposure to seasonal allergens.
Talk to your pediatrician if you think your child might have this type of allergy. He will ask about the child’s symptoms and when they usually appear and, based on these responses and the child’s physical examination, should be able to make a diagnosis. If not, the pediatrician may refer them to an allergist, who will probably request a blood test and / or skin tests to detect the allergy.
To determine the cause of the allergy, allergists usually request one of the following types of skin tests:
- A drop of the allergen is dropped on the skin in the form of a purified liquid and that area of the skin is gently pricked with a small puncture device.
- A small amount of the allergen is injected under the skin. This test stings a little but it can not be considered very painful. After about fifteen minutes, if a lump appears surrounded by a reddish area (as if it were a mosquito bite) at the injection site, the result of the test is positive.
Although a skin test or a blood test indicates the presence of an allergy, the child must also have symptoms to be able to diagnose an allergy. For example, a child who tests positive for lawn pollen and who sneezes often while playing on the lawn may be considered to have an allergy to lawn pollen.
There is no definitive cure for seasonal allergy, but it is possible to alleviate its symptoms. Start by reducing or eliminating exposure to allergens. During the season in which this type of allergy occurs, keep the windows closed, use the air conditioning if possible and stay indoors when the pollen concentration is high.
Ask your child to wash their hands or take a shower and change clothes after playing outside. And a child with a seasonal allergy should not mow the lawn (as pollen particles and spores from the mold are raised as the mower passes).
If reducing allergen exposure is impossible or ineffective, there are medications that can help alleviate allergic symptoms. These include decongestants, antihistamines and nasal sprays containing corticosteroids. If your child’s allergic symptoms can not be controlled with medication, your pediatrician may recommend that you visit an allergist or immunologist to administer allergy shots (known as immunotherapy) regularly, which can help Desensitize the child to allergens.