Swollen eye and headache .. What is the relationship and treatment

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Swollen eye and headache : The swelling in the eyes can have various causes, arising from less serious problems such as allergies or bumps, but also can occur due to infections such as conjunctivitis or a stye.

This swelling normally occurs due to an accumulation of water that occurs in the tissues around the eye such as in the eyelids or in the glands, and when it lasts more than 3 days it is recommended to consult an ophthalmologist to diagnose the cause and initiate the appropriate treatment, which It may even involve the use of antibiotics.

In more rare cases, the swelling can also be a sign of more serious health problems such as abnormalities in the functioning of the thyroid, problems in the functioning of the kidneys or the presence of a tumor in the eyelids. However, these situations usually cause swelling in other regions of the body such as the face or feet.

Stye

The stye is an inflammation of the eye caused by infection of the eyelash glands, which in addition to causing swelling of the eyelid similar to a pimple, also causes other symptoms such as constant pain, excessive tearing and difficulty in opening the eye. See how to treat stye at home .

What to do:  A compress of warm water can be applied 3 to 4 times a day for 5 to 10 minutes to relieve symptoms. If the stye does not disappear after 7 days, it is advisable to go to the ophthalmologist to identify the problem and initiate the appropriate treatment.

Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis is an infection of the eye itself that leads to the emergence of symptoms such as red eyes, thick yellowish secretions, excessive sensitivity to light and, in some cases, swelling of the eyes and eyelids.

What to do:  you should go to the ophthalmologist to identify the cause of conjunctivitis and start the use of anti-inflammatory eye drops that help reduce symptoms. If the problem is being caused by bacteria, the doctor may also indicate the use of eye drops or ophthalmic ointments with antibiotics.

Allergy to pollen, food or medication

When the swelling in the eyes appears in conjunction with other symptoms such as a stuffy nose, coryza, sneezing or itchy skin, it may indicate that it is caused by an allergy to food, medications or pollen.

What to do:  the doctor should be consulted to discover the origin of the allergy, since in most cases treatment with antihistaminic drugs such as Cetirizine or Hydroxyzine, for example, is recommended.

Dirty in the eye

In some cases, the swelling in the eye can be caused by external factors such as a garbage or dust that enters the eyes, especially when it is in places with a lot of smoke or pollution, causing burning when opening the eye, pain, itching and swelling of the eyes .

What to do: it is important not to scratch the eye and put on saline or a moisturizing eye drop.

insect bite or a blow to the eye

Although they are more rare, insect bites and blows to the eye can also cause swelling, these problems being more common in children, especially during impact sports such as soccer or running.

What to do: place a pebble of ice in the affected place, since the cold decreases the itching and inflammation. In the case of stinging, it is also important to be aware of the appearance of other symptoms such as shortness of breath, redness or itching of the skin, as they can be a sign of an allergic reaction that needs immediate medical treatment.

Blepharitis

Blepharitis is an inflammation of the eyelid that can arise from one day to the next and occurs when one of the glands that regulate the oiliness is blocked, being frequent in people who rub their eyes frequently. In these cases, in addition to the swelling is also common the emergence of lag and the feeling that there is a garbage in the eye.

What to do: a warm compress should be placed over the eye for about 15 minutes to relieve discomfort. Afterwards, the eye should be washed every day with a moisturizing eye drop to eliminate laganes and avoid excess bacteria.

Orbital cellulitis

This type of cellulitis is a serious infection of the tissues around the eye that can arise due to the passage of bacteria from the sinuses to the eyes, so it can occur during sinusitis or colds. In these cases, other symptoms may arise such as fever, pain when moving the eye and blurred vision.

What to do: the treatment should be done with antibiotics, being recommended to go immediately to the hospital as soon as an orbital cellulitis is suspected.

Swelling in the eyes during pregnancy

Swelling in the eyes during pregnancy is a very common problem, which is usually related to the effect of the hormones on the superficial veins of the skin. So what happens is that the veins dilate and accumulate more fluid, causing the appearance of swelling in the eyes, face or feet.

This symptom is normal, but when the swelling grows very quickly or when it is accompanied by other symptoms such as headache or high pressure, it is recommended that you consult the doctor to detect possible complications, such as preeclampsia.

The headache and how to avoid it

Constant headache can be caused by various factors such as fatigue, stress, worry and anxiety. In addition to this, the frontal headache may also be related to other health problems, such as:

  • Heat : excessive heat can cause mild dehydration and dilation of cerebral blood vessels, causing headache;
  • Vision problems  that strain the eyes causing a headache, mainly in children;
  • Tiredness: a night when you do not sleep well makes the body not get enough rest and concentrate becomes more difficult;
  • Food: Consumption of stimulating foods such as coffee, coke and chocolate;
  • Fasting: Staying for a long time without eating because it can cause hypoglycaemia;
  • Diseases: Migraine, sinusitis, rhinitis, colds and colds;
  • Bruxism: squeezing or scraping the teeth during the night alters the positioning of the jaw joint, causing a headache;
  • Hormonal disorders such as PMS and pregnancy;
  • Column problems that mainly affect the cervical.

The constant headache in the region of the forehead or in all frontal parts of the head is often related to migraine. In this case, the pain is throbbing and can last up to 3 days, being difficult to cure.

Constant headache and dizziness may be symptoms of high blood pressure or pregnancy. The constant headache only on the left or right side can be migraine or something very specific that should be evaluated by the doctor.

The constant headache in the nape of the neck can be caused by muscle contraction in the neck region, spinal problem, and when it appears in pregnancy it can be related to eclampsia and, therefore, it is important to consult a doctor.

How to relieve constant headache

Other strategies to relieve constant headache are:

  • Place a cold compress on the head, on the forehead or on the nape of the neck because the constriction of the cerebral blood vessels relieves the headache.
  • Stay in a quiet place, quiet and without light to get a little rest;
  • Drink a glass of fresh water with lemon drops to rehydrate the body;
  • Avoid staying in the sun for more than 1 hour, even if you have a hat and sunglasses;
  • Take an analgesic for headache such as Paracetamol;
  • Take a glass of natural orange juice with the seeds several times a day because it is proven to help fight the headache;
  • Walking barefoot on the grass;
  • Take cinnamon tea to speed up menstruation, if the cause of the headache is PMS.

Whatever the cause of the headache, the use of analgesics for more than 3 days is not advisable because it can make it worse.

When should you see a doctor?

It is advisable to go to the general practitioner or neurologist, when there is a headache every day for more than 5 days. It is important to evaluate if there are other symptoms involved such as vision changes or loss of balance, for example.

The doctor can ask several questions about the general state of health of the individual and request tests to identify the cause of the headache, or if it is really a migraine, indicating the treatment to solve the headache.

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