three p’s of diabetes and the 4 p’s In diabetes, the cells of the body can not use the sugar in the blood, called glucose, to meet their energy demands. This is due to an inadequate amount of insulin in the bloodstream.
The 3 p’s of diabetes
The vast majority of cases of diabetes are type I or type II. The American Diabetes Association estimates that 23,600,000 Americans have diabetes and 5,700,000 of them do not. Understanding the symptoms of diabetes allows people to know when to seek medical attention. As with most diseases, timely diagnosis and early intervention in diabetes can result in a more favorable prognosis. The classic symptoms of diabetes have been dubbed “the three p’s”.
Polyuria is the medical term for urinating large volumes. If you have diabetes without treatment, you may notice that you must urinate more often than usual and you may also notice that you are urinating much more. This may appear gradually or over the course of a week. Polyuria occurs because the kidneys “try” to get rid of too much glucose in the blood. The bloodstream has excess glucose because it is not used by the body due to the insufficient amount of circulating insulin.
Polydipsia is the medical term for excessive thirst. You can notice that you really want to drink water and that you are not satisfied, you can even drink more than one gallon of water a day. Some people want other drinks if they do not like to drink water. This excessive thirst occurs because the kidneys excrete water from the bloodstream by eliminating large volumes of urine. The mechanism of thirst starts to try to keep enough water in your blood.
The 4 “P” of diabetes
The diabetes is a metabolic disease highly prevalent today, especially that form non – insulin dependent which is closely linked to obesity. Therefore, below we show you the 4 “P” of diabetes that you can identify yourself.
These are symptoms that one can detect in the body and that can be called the 4 “P”: polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia and weight loss. That is to say, these are typical features of the presence of uncontrolled diabetes that deserve our attention, therefore, if we learn to recognize them, we will be able to initiate early treatment of the disease.
The 4 “P’s” of diabetes
refers to the increase in the amount of urine eliminated daily or how often you urinate during the day. While it is a symptom of diabetes, we should know that it can also be caused by other factors.
is the abnormal increase in the sensation of thirst and is associated with the above symptom, because when a high amount of fluid is lost in urine because it is carried away by glucose, the body experiences more thirst in the face of the almost constant risk of dehydration .
refers to the exaggerated appetite that is caused, among other causes, by the loss of glucose energy by urine. Although the individual suffers from hyperglycemia and feeds, the cells can not take advantage of this nutrient because they are resistant to insulin, which is why they feel very hungry and want to eat.
the loss of glucose in the urine causes the calories that it contributes to be lost, so that, in untreated diabetes, there is usually a slight weight loss without apparent cause.
Of course, in the presence of these symptoms we should consult a health professional who, through biochemical analysis confirm the diagnosis of diabetes or discard it.
the types of diabetes
Diabetes is a complex metabolic picture that affects mainly carbohydrates, but also lipids and proteins.
Apart from this immediate clinic due to hyperglycemia, there will also be long-term effects: vasculopathy and neuropathy. These are classified as late complications of diabetes.
However, the manifestations will also depend on the type of diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in young people and has a sudden onset (days or weeks). The weight is usually low or normal. Type 1 diabetics usually present an unjustified weight loss despite increasing the amount of food (polyphagia).
This rapid onset (due to the acute destruction of the pancreas) causes the clinical manifestations to be very important. We can find the 3 P at the time of diagnosis. It should be taken into account, children may present involuntary urination in bed, enuresis. However, it is common that the onset is through a complication (diabetic ketoacidosis). The treatment is always with insulin. Once diagnosed, the patient can decrease the need for insulin, this is known as honeymoon .
Type 2 diabetes usually appears at intermediate or advanced ages. Patients are usually overweight. And the symptoms appear slowly in weeks or months. This slow presentation causes the body to adapt, and hyperglycemia may not manifest. In these cases, the diagnosis is very frequent with routine blood tests. However, at some time it may debut as hyperosmolar decompensation.