Types of skin ulcers And its causes


Types of skin ulcers، There are different types of ulcers or sores, depending on their Extension and Origin:We distinguish 4 types of ulcers according to their extension، Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3 and Grade 4، As well as there are 7 different types according to their origin.By Pressure, Venous, Arterial, Mixed, Iatrogenic, Diabetic and Neoplastic، Classification of ulcers or sores according to their Extension:

types of skin ulcers

Grade ulcers 1
Initial phase, easy to correct but difficult to detect, a redness is observed in the area without loss of tissue.

The recommended treatment for this type of sores would be the Mepentol, in any of its two presentations, Mepentol Milk or Mepentol Normal or we can opt for the alternative of the Corpitol , which is a very effective product and used in hospitals.

Grade 2 ulcers
There is a loss of tissue in the superficial area of ​​the skin, there is a presence of pain.

In ulcers of grade 1 and 2 the recommended treatment to cure them would be the use of Mepentol , every 12 hours.

Grade 3 ulcers
It is an evolution of grade 2, but with greater loss of tissue and greater extension is different from the ulcer of grade 4 in depth, in grade 3 we will not see the bone.

Grade 4 ulcers
Very difficult to heal, very important tissue loss, practically to the bone, may require Plastic Surgery.

They present structural damage in all tissues, adipose, muscle, skeletal etc.

Ulcer Classification according to his or governing
We could establish that ulcers according to their origin are:

Pressure ulcers

When the origin of an ulcer is produced by continuous pressure , for several hours or even days, in a specific area, usually this type of ulcer occurs in the sacrum and heels.

They are strongly related to bedridden patients , who have very little mobility, being the most common type of ulcer that appears in patients who remain hospitalized.

Extended information on the treatment of this type of ulcer in our Guide.

Guide to pressure ulcers, click on the link

Venous Ulcers

They are produced mainly by a previous deterioration of the venous circulatory system of the patient, they are difficult to solve, they require support by elastic bandages .

The estimated healing time is between 1 month and 1 year .

This time of recovery in the case of venous ulcer will be severely affected if the patient does not try to have healthy habits, such as reducing tobacco consumption, reducing alcohol consumption and avoiding a diet that abuse pastries and food rich in sugar.

Arterial ulcers

They are ulcers that are caused by a previous Arterial Deterioration in the patient.

They are more complex to cure if possible than venous ulcers.

As a differential characteristic, they are very painful ulcers , much more than any other.

Mixed ulcers

They are rare and practically impossible to cure, their origin is due to venous deterioration + arterial deterioration.

Estimated healing time: several months according to the degree of the ulcer, and the general condition of the patient; up to 1 or 2 years.

Diabetic Ulcers

They are ulcers of patients who have previously diagnosed Diabetes .

They occur in the area of ​​the base of the foot , are difficult to heal and can present with aggressiveness.

The greatest danger of this type of ulcer is the ulcer’s desire to reach the bone, drilling several layers of the skin.

Their growth tends to be deep and they do not seem as deep, as they are, because the hole we see on the surface is small in proportion to the depth.

Another aspect that can complicate this type of ulcers is the fact that diabetic patients, in a significant percentage, do not have the sensibility , nor the feel of the preserved foot, with which we could have this type of ulcers in advanced stages and that the patient did not feel pain.

Estimated healing time between 2 months and 1 year.

Iatrogenic ulcers

Its origin is of Hospital type , they should not be produced, but they are produced.

They are produced by taking advantage of a decrease in the patient’s immune defenses during prolonged hospital admissions.

They appear especially in bedridden or critical patients (ICU).

Estimated cure time : Length of several months.

It will depend on the nature of the microorganism that invades the wound.

There are iatrogenic infections that are really difficult to treat, since they need antibiotics intravenous and hospital use, which may require a scheduled admission to administer the specific treatment in the hospital or in outpatient clinics.

It will be very important in this type of ulcers that the patient recover their health and immune system.

Oncological ulcers

They are ulcers whose origin is a cancer or a tumor, their approach is practically impossible in the sense of total healing, due to the neoplastic origin.

They are only seen in the oncology field and the strategy would be to use non-aggressive products to keep them clean .

These types of ulcers can be painless and can grow rapidly horizontally in extension, they do not usually grow in depth.

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