which of the following blood pressure readings would be indicative of hypertension?، Blood pressure is the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your arteries. Every time your heart beats, it pumps blood to the arteries. Your blood pressure is higher when your heart beats, pumping blood. This is called systolic pressure. When your heart is at rest, between beats, your blood pressure goes down. This is called diastolic pressure.
which of the following blood pressure readings would be indicative of hypertension?
Your blood pressure reading uses these two numbers. In general, the systolic number is placed before or above the diastolic number. For example, 120/80 means a systolic pressure of 120 and a diastolic of 80.
How is high blood pressure diagnosed?
High blood pressure has no symptoms. Therefore, the only way to find out if you have high blood pressure is through regular check-ups when you visit your health care provider. Your provider will use a meter, a stethoscope or an electronic sensor and a blood pressure cuff and will take two or more measurements at different medical appointments before making a diagnosis.
You have high blood pressure if your readings show that:
Your systolic pressure is greater than 140 or
Your diastolic pressure is 90 or higher
Some health providers believe that you can have hypertension if you have cardiovascular risk factors and
Its systolic pressure is between 130 and 139 or
Its diastolic pressure is between 80 and 89
Blood pressure greater than 180/120 is dangerously high and requires immediate medical attention.
For children and adolescents, the doctor compares the reading of blood pressure with what is normal for other children who are the same age, height and sex.
What are the different types of high blood pressure?
There are two main types of high blood pressure: Primary and secondary.
Primary or essential : It is the most common type of high blood pressure. It usually develops over time as you get older
Secondary : It is caused by another medical condition or the use of certain medications. It usually improves when the cause is treated or when you stop taking the medications that cause it
Why do I have to worry about high blood pressure?
When your blood pressure stays high for a long time, it causes the heart to pump harder and to work excessively, which can cause serious health problems, such as heart attack , stroke , heart failure , and kidney failure .
What are the treatments for high blood pressure?
Treatments for high blood pressure include heart-healthy lifestyle changes and medications .
Your health provider will work with you for a treatment plan. It may include only lifestyle changes. These changes, such as healthy eating for the heart and exercise, can be very effective. However, sometimes changes do not control or decrease high blood pressure. If that happens, you may need to take medication. There are different types of medicines for blood pressure. Some people need to take more than one type.
Blood pressure chart: meaning of the readings
This blood pressure chart can help you determine if your blood pressure is at a healthy level or if you need to take some measures to improve the levels.
The reading of the total blood pressure is determined by measuring the systolic and diastolic blood pressures. Systolic blood pressure, the top value, measures the force exerted by the heart on the walls of the arteries each time it beats. The diastolic blood pressure, the lower value, measures the force exerted by the heart on the walls of the arteries between each beat.
Blood pressure readings are classified into four broad categories, ranging from normal blood pressure to stage 2 high blood pressure (hypertension). The level of blood pressure determines what type of treatment you may need. To obtain an accurate blood pressure measurement, the doctor must evaluate your readings based on the average of two or more blood pressure readings on three or more office visits.
Below are the four categories of blood pressure and what they mean to you. If your systolic and diastolic blood pressure readings are grouped into two different categories, your correct blood pressure category is the highest category. For example, if your blood pressure reading is 125/85 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg), you have stage 1 hypertension.
Upper value (systolic) in mm Hg or Lower value (diastolic) in mm Hg Your category * What should you do
Levels may be lower for children and adolescents. Talk to your child’s doctor if you are concerned that your child has high blood pressure.
These recommendations address high blood pressure as a single disease. If you also have heart disease, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, or some other disease, you may need to treat your blood pressure more intensively.
Below 120 Y Below 80 Normal blood pressure Maintain or adopt a healthy lifestyle.
Between 120 and 129 Y Below 80 High blood pressure Maintain or adopt a healthy lifestyle.
Between 130 and 139 or Between 80 and 89 Stage 1 high blood pressure (hypertension) Maintain or adopt a healthy lifestyle. Talk to your doctor about the need to take one or more medications.
140 or higher or 90 or higher Stage 2 high blood pressure (hypertension) Maintain or adopt a healthy lifestyle.
Talk to your doctor about the need to take more than one medication.
For adults who have a 10% or higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease in the next 10 years, or who have chronic kidney disease, diabetes or coronary artery disease, the goal of treatment is less than 130 / 80 mm Hg. For healthy adults 65 years of age or older, the goal of treatment is also less than 130/80 mm Hg.
If your blood pressure is normal, maintaining or adopting a healthy lifestyle can prevent or delay the onset of high blood pressure or other health problems. If your blood pressure is not normal, a healthy lifestyle, often combined with medication, can help you control it and reduce your risk of potentially fatal complications.